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A theoretical investigation has been made of the influence of population size (N) and recombination fraction (c) on linkage disequilibrium (D) between a pair of loci. Two situations were studied: (i) where both loci had no effect on fitness and (ii) where they showed heterozygote superiority, but no epistacy. If the populations are initially in linkage(More)
1. Methods of estimating the rate of genetic gain achieved in animal improvement are discussed and criticized. 2. A theoretical method of estimation of the maximum possible genetic gain of milk yield under direct selection is presented for a closed herd of dairy cattle. The maximum possible gain is approximately 1% of the average yield. 3. The method can(More)
Understanding the processes that have given rise to polyploid hybrid taxa is central to our understanding of plant evolution. In this study, we use an array of genetic markers in a population analysis to elucidate the hybrid origins of the Arran whitebeams Sorbus arranensis and S. pseudofennica, two woody plant taxa endemic to the Isle of Arran, Scotland.(More)
Levamisole is commonly used to treat nematode parasite infections but therapy is limited by resistance. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of resistance to this selective nicotinic drug. Levamisole receptor channel currents in muscle patches from levamisole-sensitive and levamisole-resistant isolates of the parasitic nematode(More)