Alan P. Benson

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We have constructed computational models of canine ventricular cells and tissues, ultimately combining detailed tissue architecture and heterogeneous transmural electrophysiology. The heterogeneity is introduced by modifying the Hund-Rudy canine cell model in order to reproduce experimentally reported electrophysiological properties of endocardial,(More)
Cardiac and uterine muscle cells and tissue can be either autorhythmic or excitable. These behaviours exchange stability at bifurcations produced by changes in parameters, which if spatially localized can produce an ectopic pacemaking focus. The effects of these parameters on cell dynamics have been identified and quantified using continuation algorithms(More)
During exercise below the lactate threshold (LT), the rate of adjustment (τ) of pulmonary VO(2) uptake (τ) is slowed when initiated from a raised work rate. Whether this is consequent to the intrinsic properties of newly recruited muscle fibres, slowed circulatory dynamics or the effects of a raised metabolism is not clear. We aimed to determine the(More)
At the onset of muscular exercise, the kinetics of pulmonary O2 uptake (Vo2P) reflect the integrated dynamic responses of the ventilatory, circulatory, and neuromuscular systems for O2 transport and utilization. Muscle O2 uptake (Vo2m) kinetics, however, are dissociated from Vo2P kinetics by intervening O2 capacitances and the dynamics of the circulation(More)
Ongoing developments in cardiac modelling have resulted, in particular, in the development of advanced and increasingly complex computational frameworks for simulating cardiac tissue electrophysiology. The goal of these simulations is often to represent the detailed physiology and pathologies of the heart using codes that exploit the computational potential(More)
Reaction-diffusion computational models of cardiac electrophysiology require both dynamic excitation models that reconstruct the action potentials of myocytes as well as datasets of cardiac geometry and architecture that provide the electrical diffusion tensor D, which determines how excitation spreads through the tissue. We illustrate an experimental(More)
Cardiac ventricular cells and tissues are normally excitable, and are activated by propagating waves of excitation that are initiated in the specialized pacemaking region of the heart. However, isolated or repetitive activity can be initiated at abnormal (ectopic) sites in the ventricles. To trigger an endogenous ectopic beat, there must be a compact focus(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction or pharmacologic inhibition of repolarizing cardiac ionic currents can lead to fatal arrhythmias. The hERG potassium channel underlies the repolarizing current I(Kr), and mutations therein can produce both long and short QT syndromes (LQT2 and SQT1). We previously reported on the diphenylurea compound NS1643, which acts on hERG(More)
Computational models of human atrial cells, tissues and atria have been developed. Cell models, for atrial wall, crista terminalis, appendage, Bachmann's bundle and pectinate myocytes are characterised by action potentials, ionic currents and action potential duration (APD) restitution. The principal effect of the ion channel remodelling of persistent(More)
The architecture of the heart remains controversial despite extensive effort and recent advances in imaging techniques. Several opposing and non-mutually compatible models have been proposed to explain cardiac structure, and these models, although limited, have advanced the study and understanding of heart structure, function and development. We describe(More)