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We describe the derivation of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells from human blastocysts. Two diploid ES cell lines have been cultivated in vitro for extended periods while maintaining expression of markers characteristic of pluripotent primate cells. Human ES cells express the transcription factor Oct-4, essential for development of pluripotential cells(More)
In all, 143 human embryos obtained 3 days (day 3) after insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were biopsied and a single nucleated cell removed for identification of aneuploidy by fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosomes X, Y, 13, 16, 18 and 21. Fifty-one per cent of embryos were aneuploid and significantly more aneuploid(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the maturational and developmental competence of immature oocytes recovered in situ from anovulatory and ovulatory patients with polycystic ovaries (PCO). DESIGN A newly designed method for recovery of immature oocytes from 2 to 10 mm follicles by transvaginal ultrasound or laparoscopy was used to compare the recovery and maturation(More)
The widespread use of clomiphene citrate and exogenous gonadotrophins for in vitro fertilization (IVF) in human frequently results in the production of multiple embryos. Replacement of more than two embryos increases pregnancy rate but may result in multiple pregnancies with increased pre- and post-natal abnormality. Preservation of embryos for a limited(More)
We report the birth of a healthy baby girl at 37 weeks gestation to a 47 year old recipient, after vitrification of mature oocytes from four in-vitro fertilization (IVF) patients. A total of 17 oocytes was vitrified in 1-2 microl of ethylene glycol (40%) and 0.6 mol/l sucrose (20.54%) in open pulled straws. Eleven oocytes survived after vitrification and(More)
Culture of mammalian zygotes individually and in small groups results in lower developmental rates than culture of large groups. Zona-free zygotes also have impaired developmental potential in current culture systems. This paper describes a new approach to resolve the problems, the Well of the Well (WOW) system. Small wells (WOWs) were formed in four-well(More)
BACKGROUND Human embryonic stem (ES) cells originate from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst, and retain in culture the properties of pluripotent cells of the early embryo. The study aim was to determine whether the open pulled straw (OPS) vitrification method, which is highly effective for the cryopreservation of embryos, might be also efficient for(More)
The inheritance, replication and perpetuation of the sperm centriole in the early human embryo are reported. Both normal monospermic and abnormal dispermic embryos (n = 127) were examined by transmission electron microscopy. Centrioles were traced from fertilization to the hatching blastocyst stage. The sperm proximal centriole is introduced into the oocyte(More)
Oocytes were obtained from patients with tubal infertility at fixed times after the onset of the endogenous LH rise or hCG injection, and were inseminated immediately after recovery or after periods of 4-4 1/2, 5-5 1/2 and 6-6 1/2 h in culture in vitro. Delayed insemination resulted in a marked increase in the proportion of oocytes that were fertilized and(More)
A cell-free culture system was designed for human embryo development to the blastocyst stage by testing a range of culture conditions in a series of protocols. The culture system that was evolved has a brief 1 h exposure to spermatozoa and then culture of the pronucleate zygote for 2 days in IVF-50 medium. Two or three embryos were cultured together in 20(More)