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We describe the derivation of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells from human blastocysts. Two diploid ES cell lines have been cultivated in vitro for extended periods while maintaining expression of markers characteristic of pluripotent primate cells. Human ES cells express the transcription factor Oct-4, essential for development of pluripotential cells(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the maturational and developmental competence of immature oocytes recovered in situ from anovulatory and ovulatory patients with polycystic ovaries (PCO). DESIGN A newly designed method for recovery of immature oocytes from 2 to 10 mm follicles by transvaginal ultrasound or laparoscopy was used to compare the recovery and maturation(More)
In all, 143 human embryos obtained 3 days (day 3) after insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were biopsied and a single nucleated cell removed for identification of aneuploidy by fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosomes X, Y, 13, 16, 18 and 21. Fifty-one per cent of embryos were aneuploid and significantly more aneuploid(More)
Culture of mammalian zygotes individually and in small groups results in lower developmental rates than culture of large groups. Zona-free zygotes also have impaired developmental potential in current culture systems. This paper describes a new approach to resolve the problems, the Well of the Well (WOW) system. Small wells (WOWs) were formed in four-well(More)
The widespread use of clomiphene citrate and exogenous gonadotrophins for in vitro fertilization (IVF) in human frequently results in the production of multiple embryos. Replacement of more than two embryos increases pregnancy rate but may result in multiple pregnancies with increased pre- and post-natal abnormality. Preservation of embryos for a limited(More)
We report the birth of a healthy baby girl at 37 weeks gestation to a 47 year old recipient, after vitrification of mature oocytes from four in-vitro fertilization (IVF) patients. A total of 17 oocytes was vitrified in 1-2 microl of ethylene glycol (40%) and 0.6 mol/l sucrose (20.54%) in open pulled straws. Eleven oocytes survived after vitrification and(More)
BACKGROUND Human embryonic stem (ES) cells originate from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst, and retain in culture the properties of pluripotent cells of the early embryo. The study aim was to determine whether the open pulled straw (OPS) vitrification method, which is highly effective for the cryopreservation of embryos, might be also efficient for(More)
Human embryonic stem cells differentiate spontaneously in vitro into a range of cell types, and they frequently give rise to cells with the properties of extra-embryonic endoderm. We show here that endogenous signaling by bone morphogenetic protein-2 controls the differentiation of embryonic stem cells into this lineage. Treatment of embryonic stem cell(More)
We demonstrate the presence of centrioles in fertilized human oocytes at syngamy. Single or double centrioles within centrosomes were detected by transmission electron microscopy at one pole of the first cleavage spindle in normal and dispermic embryos (25-26 hr after insemination). Sperm centrioles were also closely associated with the male pronucleus(More)
Pluripotent human stem cells isolated from early embryos represent a potentially unlimited source of many different cell types for cell-based gene and tissue therapies [1-3]. Nevertheless, if the full potential of cell lines derived from donor embryos is to be realised, the problem of donor-recipient tissue matching needs to be overcome. One approach, which(More)