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To activate transcription of the glnA gene, the dimeric NTRC protein (nitrogen regulatory protein C) of enteric bacteria binds to an enhancer located approximately 100 bp upstream of the promoter. The enhancer is composed of two binding sites for NTRC that are three turns of the DNA helix apart. One role of the enhancer is to tether NTRC in high local(More)
The arginine-dependent repressor-activator from Bacillus subtilis, AhrC, has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. AhrC, expressed in E. coli, is able to repress a Bacillus promoter (argCp), which lies upstream of the argC gene. The purified protein is a hexamer with a subunit molecular mass of 16.7 kDa. Its ability to(More)
In Bacillus subtilis, arginine represses its biosynthetic enzymes and activates its catabolic ones via a regulator gene ahrC. A 6.2-kb EcoRI fragment of B. subtilis chromosomal DNA that includes the ahrC gene has previously been cloned. Gene ahrC was localised in a 0.8-kb HindIII sub-fragment whose nucleotide sequence was determined. An open reading frame(More)
Nitrogen regulatory protein C (NtrC) contacts a bacterial RNA polymerase from distant enhancers by means of DNA loops and activates transcription by allowing polymerase to gain access to the template DNA strand. It was shown that NtrC from Salmonella typhimurium must build large oligomers to activate transcription. In contrast to eukaryotic enhancer-binding(More)
A number of prokaryotic enhancer-binding proteins activate transcription by specialized forms of RNA polymerase. The enhancer-binding proteins catalyse isomerization of the initial complex formed between RNA polymerase and a promoter from the closed to the open state. To do so, one class of enhancer-binding proteins contacts its cognate polymerase by DNA(More)
The region required for regulation of a previously characterized arginine-regulatable promoter upstream from the argC gene in the argCAEBD-cpa-argF cluster of Bacillus subtilis was defined by integration of argC-lacZ translational fusions into the chromosome at a site distant from the arginine loci. Some sequence similarity was detected between the argC(More)
This study investigates the influence of antibody immobilization methods on antigen capture. Adsorption and two surface chemistries, an aminosilane chemistry and a common heterobifunctional crosslinker (N-gamma-maleimidobutyryloxy-succinimide ester, GMBS), were compared and evaluated for their ability to immobilize antibodies and capture antigen. The role(More)
Sodium alginate is a naturally occurring polysaccharide that can easily be polymerized into a solid matrix to form microspheres. These biodegradable microspheres were used to encapsulate plasmid DNA containing the bacterial beta-galactosidase (LacZ) gene under the control of either the cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate-early promoter or the Rous sarcoma virus(More)