Alan N Francis

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Many previous studies exploring cortical gray matter (GM) differences in schizophrenia have used "region of interest" (ROI) measurements to manually delineate GM volumes. Recently, some investigators have instead employed voxel-based morphometry (VBM), an automated whole-brain magnetic resonance image measurement technique. The purpose of the current study(More)
OBJECTIVE The heteromodal association cortex has been hypothesized to be selectively involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. To test this hypothesis, the authors measured prefrontal, inferior parietal, and superior temporal gyrus volumes and examined the pattern of connections among these regions. METHOD Forty-four patients with schizophrenia or(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the structural integrity of the dorsolateral prefrontal-basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuit in people with the deficit form of schizophrenia. METHOD A three-dimensional structural MRI sequence was used to conduct morphometric assessments of cortical and subcortical regions in deficit and nondeficit outpatients with schizophrenia and(More)
Alterations of verbal fluency may correlate with deficits of gray matter volume and hemispheric lateralization of language brain regions like the pars triangularis (PT) in schizophrenia. Examining non-psychotic individuals at high genetic risk (HR) for schizophrenia may clarify if these deficits represent heritable trait markers or state dependent(More)
Grey-matter volumetric and cognitive deficits in young, high-risk relatives of schizophrenia patients may be vulnerability markers of the illness. Although these markers may be correlated, it is unclear if their distributions in relatives overlap. We examined convergence of these markers in 94 young first and second-degree relatives (HR) and 81 healthy(More)
The maturation of neocortical regions mediating social cognition during adolescence and young adulthood in relatives of schizophrenia patients may be vulnerable to heritable alterations of neurodevelopment. Prodromal psychotic symptoms, commonly emerging during this period in relatives, have been hypothesized to result from alterations in brain regions(More)
IMPORTANCE Structural alterations in the hippocampus and other medial temporal lobe regions have been observed in schizophrenia. How these alterations and hippocampal subfields might differ across the psychosis spectrum remains unclear. OBJECTIVES To characterize medial temporal lobe structures, including hippocampal subfields, using magnetic resonance(More)
OBJECTIVES Cognitive rehabilitation can improve cognition in schizophrenia and prevent disability. It is unknown, however, whether a greater neurobiologic reserve, as measured by cortical volumes, will predict a favorable response to rehabilitation. We investigated this question in early course schizophrenia patients treated with Cognitive Enhancement(More)
Schizophrenia can be classified into two separate syndromes: deficit and nondeficit. Primary, enduring negative symptoms are used to define the deficit form of the illness, which is believed to have a unique neurobiological substrate. Previous research suggests that an aberrant prefrontal-thalamic-parietal network underlies deficit schizophrenia. In this(More)
Previous studies have suggested a relationship between frontal lobe-based neuropsychological functions and insight in schizophrenia. There is some evidence linking both smaller whole brain volume and frontal cortical atrophy to poor insight in this population. We investigated the relationship between total as well as specific prefrontal regional volumes and(More)