Alan M W Parsons

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Hyperalgesia is a characteristic of inflammation and is mediated, in part, by an increase in the excitability of spinal neurons. Although substance P does not appear to mediate fast synaptic events that underlie nociception in the spinal cord, it may contribute to the hyperalgesia and increased excitability of spinal neurons during inflammation induced by(More)
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists, atropine and pirenzepine, produced an apparent insurmountable antagonism of muscarinic M(1) receptor-mediated intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells when tested against the agonists carbachol or xanomeline. Each antagonist caused a dextral shift of the agonist(More)
This study investigated second messengers formed in response to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in primary cultures of neonatal rat spinal cord. CGRP increased the level of cAMP above basal levels (50 pmol/mg protein) over a large range of concentrations. The concentration-response curve had an intermediate plateau at 180 pmol cAMP/mg protein in(More)
This publication was prepared under the Addiction Technology Transfer Centers cooperative agreement from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Susanne R. Rohrer, CSAT, served as the Government project officer. All material appearing in this volume is in the public domain(More)
This study shows that activation of M1 muscarinic receptors, when coexpressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells with neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase (nNOS), produces early and late phases of elevation of both intracellular Ca2+ concentration and nNOS activity. We examined the relationship between receptor-mediated increases in intracellular Ca2+(More)
The naturally occurring tachykinins, substance P, neurokinin A and neurokinin B, induce the formation of inositol phosphates or cAMP in a variety of tissues but their effects on neurons have not been resolved. We used primary cultures of neonatal rat spinal cord to determine whether neurokinin receptors mediate changes in these second messengers in spinal(More)
Previous findings in our laboratory suggested that the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonist xanomeline exhibits a novel mode of interaction that involves persistent binding to and activation of the M1 mAChR, subsequent to extensive washout, as well as a possible insurmountable element. In the present study, we examined this interaction in(More)
The enteric neuropeptide galanin (GAL) increased the amplitude of spontaneous contractions in longitudinally oriented muscle strips and inhibited short-circuit current (Isc) elevations induced by transmural electrical stimulation (ES) of mucosal sheets from porcine jejunum in vitro. GAL-induced contractions (GAL EC50 = 9 nmol/l) were maximally 25% of those(More)
Regulation of nitric oxide (NO) formation is critical to ensure maintenance of appropriate cellular concentrations of this labile, signaling molecule. This study investigated the role exogenous and endogenously produced NO have in feeding back to regulate NO synthesis in intact cells. Two NO donors inhibited activation of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) in(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and its homolog, peptide YY, are present respectively in neurons and endocrine cells within the mammalian small intestine. In this study, we examined the actions of NPY on ion transport in the porcine distal jejunum mucosa-submucosa in vitro. Peptide YY and NPY were equieffective in producing rapid and sustained decreases in basal(More)