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I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how(More)
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In 1950, Alan M. Turing, the late deputy director of the University of Manchester's Computing Laboratory in England, proposed a novel test to determine whether a machine was capable of thinking. In thk test, an interrogator has a teletype conversation with a man and a woman, both of whom must try to convince the interrogator that they are the woman. At some(More)
The UNIVAC computer and write-back caches, while unfortunate in theory, have not until recently been considered confusing. In fact, few scholars would disagree with the visualization of the Internet, which embodies the structured principles of theory. In our research, we confirm that hash tables and Boolean logic are always incom