Alan M Piwowar

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In secondary ion mass spectrometry, the molecular environment from which a sample is analyzed can influence ion formation, affecting the resulting data. With the recent surge in studies involving examination of biological specimens, a better understanding of constituents commonly found in biological matrixes is necessary. In this article we discuss results(More)
Time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry has been used to better understand the influence of molecular environment on the relative ion yields of membrane lipid molecules found in high abundance in a model mammalian cell line, RAW264.7. Control lipid mixtures were prepared to simulate lipid-lipid interactions in the inner and outer leaflet of cell(More)
A series of model systems of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) of molecular mass 2400 Da and low polydispersity (1.09) were prepared using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique to investigate the effects of tertiary structure on the ion formation probability in time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). Using data from the measured surface(More)
C84+ and coronene (C24H12+) have been studied as primary ions for use in secondary ion mass spectrometry. A representative range of samples has been used to compare the effectiveness of each primary ion with the existing C60+, Au+, and Au3+ primary ions. It was found that C84 is the most effective primary ion providing higher secondary ion yields and a high(More)
Sample preparation continues to be a major challenge for secondary ion mass spectrometry studies of biological materials. Maintaining the native hydrated state of the material is important for preserving both chemical and spatial information. Here, we discuss a method which combines a sample wash and dry protocol discussed by Berman et al1 (1) followed by(More)
Although the benefits of decreased sample temperature for the molecular profiling of organic materials with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) have been established, the mechanism behind spectral changes observed at low temperature, particularly increased protonated molecular ion (M + H)(+) yields, have not been examined in detail. We(More)
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