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Journals and Conferences
Humans are one of the few species that produce large amounts of catecholamine sulfates, and they have evolved a specific sulfotransferase, SULT1A3 (M-PST), to catalyze the formation of these conjugates. An orthologous protein has yet to be found in other species. To further our understanding of the molecular basis for the unique substrate selectivity of… (More)
Sulfation is one of the pathways by which thyroid hormone is inactivated. Iodothyronine sulfate concentrations are very high in human fetal blood and amniotic fluid, suggesting important production of these conjugates in utero. Human estrogen sulfotransferase (SULT1E1) is expressed among other tissues in the uterus. Here we demonstrate for the first time… (More)
The mechanism causing viable Francisella tularensis to lose virulence in aerosols has been investigated. Fully virulent organisms were found to be encapsulated and avirulent organisms from aged aerosols, decapsulated. Capsules were also removed by suspension of F. tularensis in hypertonic sodium chloride. The resulting naked, but viable, organisms were… (More)
Sulfation, catalyzed by members of the sulfotransferase (SULT) superfamily, exerts considerable influence over the biological activity of numerous endogenous and xenobiotic chemicals. In humans, catecholamines such as dopamine are extensively sulfated, and a SULT isoform (SULT1A3 or the monoamine-sulfating form of phenolsulfotransferase) has evolved with… (More)
Conjugation of a structurally diverse set of 53 catechol compounds was studied in vitro using six recombinant human sulfotransferases (SULTs), five UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) and the soluble form of catechol O-methyltransferase (S-COMT) as catalyst. The catechol set comprised endogenous compounds, such as catecholamines and catecholestrogens, drugs,… (More)
Airborne Semliki Forest virus and T coliphages were inactivated at a considerably enhanced rate in open air compared with enclosed air. Open air exerts its maximum sterilizing activity on viruses contained in the smallest sized particles.
Ventilation of vessels varying widely in size was found to preserve the toxic effect of open-air factor(s). There was a correlation between the minimum rates of ventilation required and the ratios of the surface area of the vessels to their volumes. The data obtained allowed an estimate to be made of the diffusion coefficient of open-air factor(s) and gave… (More)
It is shown how concentrations of the open-air factor may be compared from day to day; this has not been possible previously.