Alan M Hawxby

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Fistula use for dialysis is less frequent among obese than non-obese patients. This discrepancy may be due to a lower rate of fistula placement in obese patients, a higher primary failure rate (fistulas that are never usable for dialysis), or a higher secondary failure rate (fistulas that fail after being used successfully for dialysis). Using a(More)
BACKGROUND Outcomes after kidney transplantation using deceased donors with high terminal creatinine are not well described but potentially represent an underutilized source of renal allografts. Utility of renal biopsy of these kidneys is similarly not well established. METHODS To better understand the posttransplant function of kidneys from donors with(More)
One of the greatest obstacles to the implementation of regional or national kidney paired donation programs (KPD) is the need for the donor to travel to their matched recipient's hospital. While transport of the kidney is an attractive alternative, there is concern that prolonged cold ischemia time (CIT) would diminish the benefits of live donor(More)
As the population requiring hemodialysis grows, it becomes increasingly common to encounter patients with limited options for vascular access. Because inability to secure vascular access is a life-threatening problem, it is important to consider all possible options in each patient. We report a new arteriovenous grafting procedure in which the left renal(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the critical worldwide shortage of cadaveric organ donors, transplant professionals have increasingly turned to living donors. Partial hepatectomy for adult living donor liver transplantation has been performed since the late 1990s. Most often, the complications of living donor hepatectomy have been related to the biliary tract,(More)
Cellular rejection after renal transplantation, in general, occurs as a result of an interaction between immunologic processes that maintain graft tolerance versus allograft rejection. A potential mechanism that triggers such processes might be through the activation of the innate immune response initiated during organ procurement and ischemia/reperfusion(More)
Non-maturation is a common problem in patients receiving an arteriovenous fistula. The first vascular access choice is a distal radiocephalic fistula (dRCF) at the wrist. Patients with a failed dRCF or with vessels unsuitable for dRCF, the recommendation is to place a brachiocephalic fistula in the upper arm. Proximal forearm radiocephalic fistulas (pRCF)(More)
The Page kidney phenomenon is a well recognized entity where an extrinsically compressed kidney results in hypertension and loss of function. This compression is usually caused by a subcapsular hematoma secondary to blunt abdominal trauma or an invasive procedure such as a renal biopsy. We describe an unusual case involving the spontaneous development of a(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide, and its incidence is increasing in the United and States. Liver transplantation has the potential to improve survival for patients with HCC. Unfortunately, not enough donor livers are available to meet demand for liver transplantation. The Milan Criteria were established to(More)
Hepatic angiomyolipoma is an uncommon primary benign epithelial liver neoplasm. Most patients with angiomyolipomas are middle-aged women who commonly present with epigastric fullness or pain. Angiomyolipomas are tumors consisting of three tissue types: blood vessels, smooth muscle, and fat. Hepatic angiomyolipomas may be difficult to differentiate from(More)