Alan Leichtman

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A national conference on organ donation after cardiac death (DCD) was convened to expand the practice of DCD in the continuum of quality end-of-life care. This national conference affirmed the ethical propriety of DCD as not violating the dead donor rule. Further, by new developments not previously reported, the conference resolved controversy regarding the(More)
Interpatient differences in the oral clearance of cyclosporine (INN, ciclosporin) have been partially attributed to variation in the activity of a single liver enzyme termed CYP3A4. Recently it has been shown that small bowel also contains CYP3A4, as well as P-glycoprotein, a protein able to transport cyclosporine. To assess the importance of these(More)
OBJECTIVE To recommend practice guidelines for transplant physicians, primary care providers, health care planners, and all those who are concerned about the well-being of the live organ donor. PARTICIPANTS An executive group representing the National Kidney Foundation, and the American Societies of Transplantation, Transplant Surgeons, and Nephrology(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy for renal transplantation is being performed in increasing numbers with the goals of broadening organ supply while minimizing pain and duration of convalescence for donors. Relative advantages in terms of recovery provided by laparoscopy over standard open surgery have not been rigorously assessed. We(More)
UNLABELLED Long-term survival in renal transplant recipients with graft function. BACKGROUND Death with graft function (DWGF) is a common cause of graft loss. The risks and determinants of DWGF have not been studied in a recent cohort of renal transplant recipients. We performed a population-based survival analysis of U.S. patients with end-stage renal(More)
The success of renal transplantation may be counterbalanced by serious adverse medical events. The effect of immunosuppression on the incidence of de novo neoplasms among kidney recipients should be monitored continuously. Using data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, we studied the association of induction therapy by immunosuppression(More)
To examine practice patterns regarding how living donors are evaluated and selected in the U.S., a survey was sent to all 231 United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS)-approved transplant centers. Respondents from 75% of centers completed the questionnaire, all of whom utilize living donors for renal transplantation. Although the use of living-unrelated donors(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous factors are known to impact on patient survival after renal transplantation. Recent studies have confirmed a survival advantage for renal transplant patients over those waiting on dialysis. We aimed to investigate the hypothesis that longer waiting times are more deleterious than shorter waiting times, that is, to detect a "dose effect"(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) has been shown to significantly decrease the number of acute rejection episodes in renal transplant recipients during the 1st year. A beneficial effect of MMF on long-term graft survival has been more difficult to demonstrate. This beneficial effect has not been detected, despite the impact of acute rejection on the(More)