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BACKGROUND The inhibition of poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a potential synthetic lethal therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancers with specific DNA-repair defects, including those arising in carriers of a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. We conducted a clinical evaluation in humans of olaparib (AZD2281), a novel, potent,(More)
Gap junctions are membrane channels that permit the interchange of ions and other low-molecular-weight molecules between adjacent cells. Rous sarcoma virus (RSV)-induced transformation is marked by an early and profound disruption of gap-junctional communication, suggesting that these membrane structures may serve as sites of pp60v-src action. We have begun(More)
Growth factors regulate cellular proliferation and differentiation by activating plasma membrane tyrosine kinase receptors and triggering a cascade of events mediated by intracellular signaling proteins. The mechanism underlying growth factor modification of cellular functions, such as gap-junctional communication (gjc), has not been established clearly.(More)
Reduction of gap junctional communication in v-src transformed cells is accompanied by tyrosine phosphorylation of the gap junction protein, connexin 43 (Cx43). Cx43 is phosphorylated on tyrosine by v-Src. The Src homology 3 (SH3) and Src homology 2 (SH2) domains of v-Src mediate interactions with substrate proteins. SH3 domains interact with proline-rich(More)
Gap junctions are specialized membrane domains composed of collections of channels that directly connect neighboring cells providing for the cell-to-cell diffusion of small molecules, including ions, amino acids, nucleotides, and second messengers. Vertebrate gap junctions are composed of proteins encoded by the "connexin" gene family. In most cases(More)
Phorbol esters (e.g., TPA) activate protein kinase C (PKC), increase connexin43 (Cx43) phosphorylation, and decrease cell-cell communication via gap junctions in many cell types. We asked whether PKC directly phosphorylates and regulates Cx43. Rat epithelial T51B cells metabolically labeled with (32)P(i) yielded two-dimensional phosphotryptic maps of Cx43(More)
Activation of the Ras/Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling cascade is initiated by activation of growth factor receptors and regulates many cellular events, including cell cycle control. Our previous studies suggested that the connexin-43 gap junction protein may be a target of activated MAP kinase and(More)
We have previously demonstrated that epidermal growth factor induced a rapid, transient decrease in gap junctional communication and increase in serine phosphorylation on the connexin-43 gap junction protein in T51B rat liver epithelial cells. The kinase(s) responsible for phosphorylation and specific serine targets in connexin-43 have not been identified.(More)
Gap junctions are specialized membrane structures that are involved in the normal functioning of numerous mammalian tissues and implicated in several human disease processes. This mini-review focuses on the regulation of gap junctions through phosphorylation of connexin43 induced by the v-Src or epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases. These(More)
Connexin43(Cx43) channels can be regulated by a variety of factors, including low pHi. Structure/function studies from this laboratory have demonstrated that pH gating follows a particle-receptor mechanism, similar to the "ball-and-chain" model of voltage-dependent inactivation of ion channels. The question whether the particle-receptor model is applicable(More)