Alan Lai

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It has been proposed that the underlying epileptic process is mediated by changes in both excitatory and inhibitory circuits leading to the formation of hyper-excitable seizure networks. In this review we aim to shed light on the many physiological factors that modulate excitability within these networks. These factors have been discussed extensively in(More)
This paper evaluates the patient-specific seizure prediction performance of pre-ictal changes in bivariate-synchrony between pairs of intracranial electroencephalographic (iEEG) signals within 15min of a seizure in patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Prediction horizons under 15min reduce the durations of warning times and should provide(More)
A closed-loop system for the automated detection and control of epileptic seizures was created and tested in three Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) rats. In this preliminary study, a set of four EEG features were used to detect seizures and three different electrical stimulation strategies (standard (130 Hz), very high (500 Hz) and(More)
We used transcranial magnetic stimulation to investigate whether the cortical excitability changes observed amongst the different generalized and focal epilepsy syndromes are reflected in their asymptomatic siblings and if these changes depended on the clinical phenotype. We studied 157 patients with epilepsy (95 generalized and 62 focal) and their(More)
PURPOSE Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to characterize measurable changes of cortical excitability in patients who were undergoing medical and surgical management of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to investigate whether these alterations depended on timing of achieving seizure control throughout the course of illness and method of(More)
A modified cortical stimulation model was used to investigate the effects of varying the synchronicity and periodicity of electrical stimuli delivered to multiple pairs of electrodes on seizure initiation. In this model, electrical stimulation of the motor cortex of rats, along four pairs of a microwire electrode array, results in an observable seizure with(More)
Dysregulation of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R)/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway was shown to correlate with breast cancer disease progression. Cancer stem cells are a subpopulation within cancer cells that participate in tumor initiation, radio/chemoresistance and metastasis. In breast cancer, breast cancer stem cells(More)
Standard methods for seizure prediction involve passive monitoring of intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) in order to track the 'state' of the brain. This paper introduces a new method for measuring cortical excitability using an electrical probing stimulus. Electrical probing enables feature extraction in a more robust and controlled manner compared(More)
Paired pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to investigate differences in cortical excitability between patients with isolated (unrecurrent, unprovoked) seizures and those with epilepsy. Compared to controls, cortical excitability was higher in the isolated seizure group at 250-300 ms. Compared to epilepsy, cortical excitability was lower in(More)