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CONTEXT Abciximab, a monoclonal antibody fragment against the platelet receptor alphaIIb beta3 integrin, prevents platelet aggregation. A randomized, placebo-controlled study showed that abciximab improves outcomes for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary angioplasty at 30 days and at 6 months. OBJECTIVE To determine whether abciximab improves(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombosis has been implicated as central to the clinical complications of coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Chimeric monoclonal 7E3 Fab (c7E3 Fab) is the first of a new class of antiplatelet drugs directed at the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa integrin. This study was performed to determine the pharmacodynamics of c7E3 Fab administration during PTCA(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to describe in detail the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of chimeric monoclonal 7E3 Fab (c7E3 Fab) and to compare platelet responses to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and the 11-amino acid thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP [SFLLRNPNDKY-NH2]) in patients undergoing elective coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND(More)
A significant number of offspring from brother-sister matings of NIH-Okamoto-Aoki spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were found to be normotensive at 20 weeks of age. Over 20% of the animals that were hypertensive at this age had mild-to-moderate unilateral hydronephrosis at the time of sacrifice. In over 90% of the rats that did not develop(More)
Experiments were carried out in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats to determine the role of vagal bronchopulmonary C-fiber afferents in regulating the respiratory responses to inhaled irritants. Spontaneous inhalation of 2 tidal breaths of a known airway irritant (sulfur dioxide, 0.5%; ammonia, 1%; cigarette smoke, 50%) into the lower airways invariably(More)
To determine whether nicotine is involved in evoking the irritant effects of cigarette smoke in airways, we studied the responses to inhalation of a single puff (30 ml) of three types of smoke (high nicotine, low nicotine, and gas phase) in healthy male nonsmokers. After the upper airways were locally anesthetized, the subjects, breathing through a(More)
Bronchomotor and ventilatory responses to inhalation of cigarette smoke (50% concentration, 6 ml) were studied in anesthetized and vagotomized Sprague-Dawley rats. Low-nicotine cigarette smoke did not cause any detectable delayed response, whereas high-nicotine cigarette smoke induced rapid, shallow breathing, and a marked increase in airway resistance(More)
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