Alan L. Epstein

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Tumor immune tolerance can derive from the recruitment of suppressor cell populations, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). In cancer patients, increased MDSCs correlate with more aggressive disease and a poor prognosis. Expression of 15 immune factors (TGFbeta, IL-1beta, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, GM-CSF, M-CSF, IDO, fms-related tyrosine kinase 3(More)
The genes involved in the t(12;22)(q13;q12) translocation found recurrently in malignant melanoma of soft parts have been characterized and shown to form, in four cases studied, hybrid transcripts. The deduced chimaeric protein encoded by the der(22) chromosome consists of the N-terminal domain of EWS linked to the bZIP domain of ATF-1, a transcription(More)
A monoclonal antibody, designated 780-3, has been generated which preferentially recognizes an antigenic component of interchromatin granules in human cells. By indirect immunofluorescence procedures, monoclonal antibody 780-3 produces a cell cycle-specific speckled nuclear staining pattern in adult human fibroblasts which is dramatically altered during(More)
Tumor immune tolerance can derive from the recruitment of suppressor cell populations, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). In cancer patients, MDSC accumulation correlates with increased tumor burden, but the mechanisms of MDSC induction remain poorly understood. This study examined the ability of human tumor cell lines to induce MDSC from(More)
Two new monoclonal antibodies (Lym-1 and Lym-2), reactive with the cell surface of B-lymphocytes and derived tumors, have been produced using tumor cell nuclei preparations as immunogens. Specificity screens using live cell radioimmunoassay techniques with 52 well-characterized human lymphoma and leukemia cell lines showed that both Lym-1 and Lym-2 bound to(More)
The promyelocytic leukemia protein fused to the retinoic acid receptor alpha in t(15;17) acute promyelocytic leukemia, the primary biliary cirrhosis autoantigen, Sp100, as well as the incompletely characterized protein NDP55, are co-localized in specific immunohistochemically defined nuclear domains (ND10), which are potential equivalents of(More)
In contrast to normal tissues, many malignant tumors contain a high proportion of dead and dying cells. The loss of membrane integrity that accompanies cellular degeneration permits macromolecules, including antibodies, to freely enter the cell cytoplasm. Based upon these observations, it was hypothesized that monoclonal antibodies to intracellular(More)
A new tumor cell line, designated SU-CCS-1, was established from the malignant pleural effusion of a 16-year-old Caucasian girl with clear cell sarcoma. Morphological studies at the light- and electron-microscopic levels revealed similar features between the SU-CCS-1 cells and the primary tumor. Ultrastructural and cytochemical techniques showed that both(More)
To eliminate the human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response seen in patients treated with murine and chimeric antibodies, fully human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are now being developed. Tumor Necrosis Therapy (TNT) is an approach to tumor targeting that utilizes MAbs directed against common intracellular antigens such as nucleic acids, accessible only in(More)
Treg cells express high levels of the glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor-related receptor (GITR), while resting conventional T (Tconv) cells express low levels that are increased upon activation. Manipulation of GITR/GITR-Ligand (GITR-L) interactions results in enhancement of immune responses, but it remains unclear whether this enhancement is(More)