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In recent years, anti-angiogenic therapy has become an effective strategy for inhibiting tumor growth. Fucoidan is a class of fucose-enriched sulfated polysaccharides found in brown algae, and it is known to have strong anti-tumor property. Using a human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC)-based cell culture model, the present study investigated the(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is a marine bacterium and a human pathogen capable of causing wound infection and septicemia. We previously showed that the metalloprotease vEP secreted by V. vulnificus activates prothrombin in vitro. To further investigate the ability of vEP to activate other zymogens, we used a mutant form of procaspase-3 which lacks the native cleavage(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is a causative agent of serious food-borne diseases in humans related to the consumption of raw seafood. It secretes a metalloprotease that is associated with skin lesions and serious hemorrhagic complications. In this study, we purified and characterized an extracellular metalloprotease (designated as vEP) having prothrombin activation(More)
Gram-negative bacteria-binding proteins (GNBPs) are important pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) in invertebrate innate immune systems. These immune proteins are capable of identifying and binding to specific targets on the surface of microorganisms, and thereby trigger a variety of defense reactions through the activation of protease cascades and(More)
Infusion of Escherichia coli (LD100) was followed by coagulopathic and cell injury responses, cardiovascular collapse, and death in 18 to 32 hr in four out of four baboons. Infusion of AT-III in sufficient amounts to achieve AT-III levels of more than 4 units/ml of plasma before and during the infusion of E. coli reduced the intensity of the coagulopathic(More)
Mitochondrial proteins of Plasmodium falciparum are considered as attractive targets for anti-malarial drugs, but the experimental identification of these proteins is a difficult and time-consuming task. Computational prediction of mitochondrial proteins offers an alternative approach. However, the commonly used subcellular location prediction methods are(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) is a transcriptional coactivator of nuclear receptors and other transcription factors. It is required for animal growth and reproductive development, and has also been implicated in breast carcinogenesis. Although AIB1 is known to be covalently modified by SUMO-1, which serves to regulate its(More)
Growing genetic and epidemiological evidence suggests a direct connection between the disruption of circadian rhythm and breast cancer. Moreover, the expression of several molecular components constituting the circadian clock machinery has been found to be modulated by estrogen-estrogen receptor α (E2-ERα) signaling in ERα-positive breast cancer cells. In(More)
Yeast flocculation is an important trait in the brewing industry as well as in ethanol production, through which biomass can be recovered by cost-effective sedimentation. However, mass transfer limitation may affect yeast growth and ethanol fermentation if the flocculation occurs earlier before fermentation is completed. In this article, a novel type of(More)
Differentiated embryo-chondrocyte expressed gene 1 (DEC1, also known as sharp2, stra13, or BHLHB2) is a mammalian basic helix-loop-helix protein that is involved in many aspects of gene regulation through acting as a transcription factor. Changes in DEC1 expression levels have been implicated in the development of cancers. Using COS-7 cell, we showed that(More)