Alan Krupnick

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This paper considers how actions to slow atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel use could also reduce "criteria" air pollutants (as defined in the Clean Air Act) in the U.S. The benefits that result would be "ancillary" to greenhouse gas abatement. Moreover, these benefits would tend to accrue in the near term, while any benefits from(More)
This paper explores the interactions between taxes on work-related traffic congestion and preexisting distortionary taxes in the labor market. A congestion tax raises the overall costs of commuting to work and discourages labor force participation at the margin, when revenues are returned in lump-sum transfers. We find that the resulting efficiency loss in(More)
Global warming is one of the most critical, and also most daunting, challenges facing policymakers in the twenty-first century. Assessing a globally efficient time path for pricing or controlling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is difficult enough, with huge scientific uncertainties, disagreement over the ultimate goals of climate policy, and disagreement(More)
Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments initiated a dramatic reduction in emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides by electric power plants. This paper presents the results of an integrated assessment of the benefits and costs of the program, using the Tracking and Analysis Framework (TAF) developed for the National Acid Precipitation(More)
After examining the properties of several alternative forms of marketable permit systems for the control of air pollution, this paper proposes a system of pollution offsets as the most promising approach. Under the pollution-offset scheme, sources of emissions are free to trade emissions permits subject to the constraint of no violations of the(More)
Concern has been raised in the scientific literature about the environmental implications of extracting natural gas from deep shale formations, and published studies suggest that shale gas development may affect local groundwater quality. The potential for surface water quality degradation has been discussed in prior work, although no empirical analysis of(More)
Recent studies find that environmental tax swaps typically exacerbate the costs of the tax system and therefore do not produce a “double dividend”. We extend previous models by incorporating taxfavored consumption goods (e.g. housing, medical care). In this setting, the efficiency gains from recycling environmental tax revenues are larger because(More)
For years economists have urged policymakers to use market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade programs or emission taxes to control pollution. The SO2 allowance market created by Title IV of the 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments represents the first real test of the wisdom of economists’ advice. Subsequent urban and regional applications of NOx(More)
Each year, US government agencies promulgate health and safety regulations that impose hundreds of millions of dollars of costs on the national economy. A key issue in developing these regulations is determining whether the value of the associated risk reductions and other benefits exceeds the value of the resources diverted from other purposes. This(More)