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G-quadruplexes are higher-order DNA and RNA structures formed from G-rich sequences that are built around tetrads of hydrogen-bonded guanine bases. Potential quadruplex sequences have been identified in G-rich eukaryotic telomeres, and more recently in non-telomeric genomic DNA, e.g. in nuclease-hypersensitive promoter regions. The natural role and(More)
We report here the results of a systematic search for the existence and prevalence of potential intramolecular G-quadruplex forming sequences in the human genome. We have also examined the tendency for particular sequences of 'loop' regions to occur in particular positions with respect to the G-tracts in a quadruplex. Using arithmetic ratio and probability(More)
The 22-nt c-kit87 promoter sequence is unique within the human genome. Its fold and tertiary structure have recently been determined by NMR methods [Phan,A.T., Kuryavyi,V., Burge,S., Neidle,S. and Patel,D.J. (2007) Structure of an unprecedented G-quadruplex scaffold in the c-kit promoter. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 4386-4392], and does not have precedent among(More)
We have carried out a survey of potential quadruplex structure sequences (PQSS), which occur in the immediate upstream region (500 bp) of human genes. By examining the number and distribution of these we have established that there is a clear link between them and the occurrence of the SP1-binding element 'GGGCGG', such that a large number of upstream PQSS(More)
The knowledge that potential guanine quadruplex sequences (PQs) are non-randomly distributed in relation to genomic features is now well established. However, this is for a general potential quadruplex motif which is characterized by short runs of guanine separated by loop regions, regardless of the nature of the loop sequence. There have been no studies to(More)
Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STAT) proteins are a group of latent cytoplasmic transcription factors involved in cytokine signaling. STAT3 is a member of the STAT family and is expressed at elevated levels in a large number of diverse human cancers and is now a validated target for anticancer drug discovery.. Understanding the dynamics(More)
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