Learn More
Eight men volunteers each smoked a single cirgarette containing 14C-nicotine and gave arterial blood samples during and for 50 minutes after smoking. The maximum concentration of nicotine in the arterial blood ranged from 31 to 41 mug/l in four regular cigarette smokers who inhaled. Two non-smokers achieved maximum levels of 2 and 4 mug/l. On a separate(More)
The influence of the tobacco additives diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAP) and urea on the delivery and respiratory tract retention of nicotine and solanesol and on the uptake of nicotine into venous blood was investigated in 10 smokers under mouth-hold and 75 and 500 mL inhalation conditions. Three cigarettes with identical physical specifications were(More)
1. A rat stomach-duodenum preparation in which pressures in the body and the antrum and flow through the pylorus could be recorded simultaneously has been used to study the effects of pressure and pharmacologically active substances on the peristalsis induced by transmural stimulation.2. Vagal and transmural stimulation produced vigorous peristalsis and(More)
The absorption of nicotine from cigars was measured in 7 male subjects who each smoked a single small cigar containing 14C-nicotine. The proportion of nicotine in the mainstream smoke delivered to the smoker's mouth was greater than that observed for cigarettes, but the proportion of nicotine in the cigar smoke which was retained by the smoker was about the(More)
1. The effects of small amounts of nicotine on electrocortical activity and central acetylcholine (ACh) release have been studied on anaesthetized cats.2. The most common effect of nicotine given intravenously in a dose of 2 mug/kg every 30 sec for 20 min was to cause desynchronization of the electrocorticogram, indicating cortical activation, and an(More)