Alan Jon Smally

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STUDY OBJECTIVES Time counts in thrombolytic therapy for stroke. An international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 1.7 may preclude its use. We studied whether the use of point-of-care testing (POCT) for INR in the emergency department (ED) may substitute for the same test done in the central hospital laboratory, thereby reducing time to treatment. (More)
To determine if a fast-track area (FTA) would improve Emergency Department (ED) performance, a historical cohort study was performed in the ED of a tertiary care adult hospital in the United States. Two 1-year consecutive periods, pre fast track area (FTA) opening-from February 1, 2001 to January 31, 2002 and after FTA opening-from February 1, 2002 to(More)
Inflation of an automobile airbag is accomplished by converting sodium azide to nitrogen gas. The bags are vented so that nitrogen and residual byproducts of combustion, such as alkaline gas, are released into the passenger compartment. We report the case of a patient who incurred a chemical keratitis after the driver's-side airbag deployed. The importance(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the success rate of a trauma airway protocol. METHODS This was a prospective cohort study of trauma patients requiring intubation conducted for 24 months. The study facility is a Level I trauma center serving an urban population. The protocol suggests that the first two attempts at intubation be by the third-year emergency medicine(More)
Bag-valve-mask ventilation is a frequently used, generally safe and effective method of oxygenating and ventilating patients who are unable to do so themselves. The common complications of aspiration, inability to oxygenate, and gastric dilatation are recognized fairly quickly, although not always easily remedied. We report a case of a much rarer(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Procedural sedation and analgesia is frequently administered outside of the operating room in emergency departments (EDs) and ICUs. Evidence was sought concerning patients' safety in the ED. RECENT FINDINGS Procedural sedation, when administered in the ED by trained personnel, is safe. Extensive literature demonstrates that propofol,(More)
The patient presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a painful swollen lower extremity is considered to have deep venous thrombosis (DVT) until this diagnosis can be ruled out. This clinical presentation, however, is far from specific and the differential diagnosis includes symptomatic Baker's cyst, also known as pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome(More)
Hyperkalemia resulting from digoxin toxicity is a well-recognized phenomenon. We report a case in which hyperkalemia, bradycardia, and hypotension were unresponsive to standard therapy but appeared to respond to digoxin-specific antibodies (Fab). This case highlights the importance of a high index of suspicion for digoxin toxicity as a potential cause of(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The recent year's literature is reviewed concerning the use of sedation in the emergency department. The use of moderate to deep sedation is becoming common in emergency medicine for many reasons, including progressive hospital crowding, limited availability of anesthesia, and increased training in residency. This is performed for a wide(More)