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T his report presents definitions of the symptoms , signs, urodynamic observations and conditions associated with lower urinary tract dys-function (LUTD) and urodynamic studies (UDS), for use in all patient groups from children to the elderly. The definitions restate or update those presented in previous International Continence Society Stan-dardisation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of chronic and debilitating symptoms of the overactive bladder, defined here as the presence of chronic frequency, urgency and urge incontinence (either alone or in any combination), and presumed to be caused by involuntary detrusor contractions. Subjects and methods Data were collected using a population-based survey(More)
Bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia induces numerous changes in bladder morphology, physiology, and pharmacology. These changes have been studied experimentally in various animal models, and while each species has advantages and disadvantages, it is unclear which is most like man. It has been shown that tissue hypertrophy(More)
The lower urinary tract constitutes a functional unit controlled by a complex interplay between the central and peripheral nervous systems and local regulatory factors. In the adult, micturition is controlled by a spinobulbospinal reflex, which is under suprapontine control. Several central nervous system transmitters can modulate voiding, as well as,(More)
CONTEXT Detrusor underactivity (DU) is a common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in both men and women, yet is poorly understood and underresearched. OBJECTIVE To review the current terminology, definitions, and diagnostic criteria in use, along with the epidemiology and aetiology of DU, as a basis for building a consensus on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate and compare the prevalence and associated bother of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the general populations of the USA, UK and Sweden using current International Continence Society (ICS) definitions, as no previous population-based studies evaluating the prevalence of LUTS in the USA, using the 2002 ICS definitions, have been(More)
1. The effectiveness of antimuscarinic agents in the treatment of the overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is thought to arise through blockade of bladder muscarinic receptors located on detrusor smooth muscle cells, as well as on nondetrusor structures. 2. Muscarinic M3 receptors are primarily responsible for detrusor contraction. Limited evidence exists to(More)
Surgical cure of adenocarcinoma of the prostate (ACP) is possible in over 80% of cases when the disease is confined to the gland capsule. The endorectal probe for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has increased resolution of the prostate gland and capsule, which has improved the sensitivity and specificity for staging ACP (.65 sensitivity, .69 specificity for(More)