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The coordination of pelvic visceral activity with appropriate elimination behaviors is a complex task that requires reciprocal communication between the brain and pelvic organs. Barrington's nucleus, located in the pons, is central to a circuit involved in this function. Barrington's nucleus neurons project to both pelvic visceral motorneurons and cerebral(More)
The majority of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) develop troublesome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Anecdotal reports suggest that cannabis may alleviate LUTS, and cannabinoid receptors in the bladder and nervous system are potential pharmacological targets. In an open trial we evaluated the safety, tolerability, dose range, and efficacy of two(More)
Although it is generally agreed that micturition is primarily under the control of the parasympathetic nervous system, there is good evidence that an atropine insensitive, nonadrenergic-noncholinergic neuronal component exists. Recent evidence indicates that the purinergic transmitter ATP (or an other purinergic analog) may be responsible for the(More)
Clinical data provide evidence of high level of co-morbidity among genitourinary and gastrointestinal disorders characterized by chronic pelvic pain. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that colonic inflammation can impact the function of the urinary bladder via activation of TRPV1 signaling pathways followed by alterations in gene and(More)
1. The effectiveness of antimuscarinic agents in the treatment of the overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is thought to arise through blockade of bladder muscarinic receptors located on detrusor smooth muscle cells, as well as on nondetrusor structures. 2. Muscarinic M3 receptors are primarily responsible for detrusor contraction. Limited evidence exists to(More)
Partial outlet obstruction of the rabbit bladder induces a rapid and significant increase in bladder mass. This increase in mass is associated with a variety of specific contractile dysfunctions, characterized by a marked decrease in the response to field stimulation (acting through the release of neurogenic transmitters). There is histological evidence(More)
The contractile response of the smooth muscle of the urinary bladder is dependent upon both the entrance of extracellular calcium through receptor-operated calcium channels and the stimulated release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In addition, partial outlet obstruction induces marked alterations in the utilization of intracellular calcium.(More)
AIMS The Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI), is a serine protease inhibitor derived from soy beans, which is presently being evaluated in clinical trials for its ability to serve as a cancer preventive or anti-inflammatory agent. The form of BBI currently in clinical trials is known as Bowman-Birk inhibitor concentrate (BBIC). There have been anecdotal reports(More)