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BACKGROUND We applied a combined experimental and computational approach to ascertain how peptides interact with host and microbial membrane surrogates, in order to validate simulation methodology we hope will enable the development of insights applicable to the design of novel antimicrobial peptides. We studied the interactions of two truncated versions of(More)
Keratoacanthomas (KAs) resemble squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) except that, unlike SCCs, after a period of rapid growth over a few months they involute completely. The basis of their regressing natural history is not known. We have examined keratoacanthomas and another benign cutaneous tumour, the basal cell papilloma (BCP), for loss of heterozygosity(More)
The therapeutic, antibiotic potential of antimicrobial peptides can be prohibitively diminished because of the cytotoxicity and hemolytic profiles they exhibit. Quantifying and predicting antimicrobial peptide toxicity against host cells is thus an important goal of AMP related research. In this work, we present quantitative structure activity relationships(More)
The authors have developed and patented a neurosurgical retractor system incorporating an infrared emitter and detector that allows detection of cerebral pulsations. Gentle contact with the surface of cat brains shows cerebral pulsations that correlate with arterial pulse as well as mechanical ventilation. The amplitude of cerebral pulsations decreases with(More)
Lung surfactant causes the surface tension, gamma, in the alveoli to drop to nearly zero on exhalation; in the upper airways gamma is approximately 30 mN/m and constant. Hence, a surface tension gradient exists between alveoli and airways that should lead to surfactant flow out of the alveoli and elimination of the surface tension gradient. However, the(More)
Both human lung surfactant protein, SP-B, and its amino-terminal peptide, SP-B1-25, inhibit the formation of condensed phases in monolayers of palmitic acid, resulting in a new fluid phase. This fluid phase forms a network, separating condensed-phase domains at coexistence. The network persists to high surface pressures, altering the nucleation, growth, and(More)
Human alpha and beta defensins contribute substantially to innate immune defenses against microbial and viral infections. Certain nonhuman primates also produce theta-defensins-18 residue cyclic peptides that act as HIV-1 entry inhibitors. Multiple human theta-defensin genes exist, but they harbor a premature termination codon that blocks translation.(More)
The primary function of lung surfactant is to form monolayers at the alveolar interface capable of lowering the normal surface tension to near zero. To accomplish this process, the surfactant must be capable of maintaining a coherent, tightly packed monolayer that avoids collapse during expiration. The positively charged amino-terminal peptide SP-B1-25 of(More)
BACKGROUND RC-101 is a congener of the antiretroviral peptide retrocyclin, which we and others have reported is active against clinical HIV-1 isolates from all major clades, does not hemagglutinate, and is non-toxic and non-inflammatory in cervicovaginal cell culture. Herein, film-formulated RC-101 was assessed for its antiviral activity in vitro, safety in(More)
The N-terminal domain of HIV-1 glycoprotein 41,000 (gp41) participates in viral fusion processes. Here, we use physical and computational methodologies to examine the secondary structure of a peptide based on the N terminus (FP; residues 1-23) in aqueous and detergent environments. (12)C-Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy indicated greater(More)