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Reproductive activity in sheep is seasonal, being activated by short-day photoperiods and inhibited by long days. During the nonbreeding season, GnRH secretion is reduced by both steroid-independent and steroid-dependent (increased response to estradiol negative feedback) effects of photoperiod. Kisspeptin (also known as metastin) and(More)
We identified a gene in the ovine hypothalamus encoding for RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), and tested the hypothesis that this system produces a hypophysiotropic hormone that inhibits the function of pituitary gonadotropes. The RFRP-3 gene encodes for a peptide that appears identical to human RFRP-3 homolog. Using an antiserum raised against RFRP-3,(More)
Leptin can act as a satiety factor and exert neuroendocrine effects, but most studies have been performed in fasted animals. We aimed to determine the effect of chronic under-nutrition on the response to a 3-day intracerebroventricular infusion of leptin with regard to food intake and the secretion of pituitary hormones. Ovariectomised ewes (n=6) had a mean(More)
We investigated the effect of the presence and absence of lambs and suckling by lambs to attenuate activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to isolation and restraint stress in lactating sheep. In experiment 1, blood samples were collected every 10 min from nonlactating (n = 5) and lactating (n = 5) ewes for 4 h before and during stress.(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that inhibin is a major negative feedback regulator of FSH secretion but has minimal effects on LH secretion in rams. In experiment 1, castrated rams (wethers) were given either vehicle or human recombinant inhibin A (hr-inhibin) as three s.c. or three i.v. 50-micrograms injections 6 h apart or as one 50-micrograms i.v.(More)
The means by which stress influences reproduction is not clearly understood, but may involve a number of endocrine, paracrine and neural systems. Stress impacts on the reproductive axis at the hypothalamus (to affect GnRH secretion) and the pituitary gland (to affect gonadotrophin secretion), with direct effects on the gonads being of less importance.(More)
GnRH provides the primary stimulus for the reproductive axis, but original work also revealed the existence of a gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) in birds. In mammals, GnIH properties are displayed by a hypothalamic dodecapeptide, which is a member of the RF-amide family, namely RF-amide-related peptide (RFRP)-3. This peptide inhibits GnRH-stimulated(More)
In this study we used an isolation/restraint stress to test the hypothesis that stress will affect the secretion of LH differently in gonadectomised rams and ewes treated with different combinations of sex steroids. Romney Marsh sheep were gonadectomised two weeks prior to these experiments. In the first experiment male and female sheep were treated with(More)
Whilst there have been many studies in various species examining the effects of leptin on food intake, there is a paucity of data comparing responsiveness in the two sexes. We have, therefore, addressed this issue in sheep. Because this species shows seasonal variation in voluntary food intake (VFI), we also considered the possibility that there might be(More)
Two experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that cortisol interferes with the positive feedback action of estradiol that induces the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. Ovariectomized sheep were treated sequentially with progesterone and estradiol to create artificial estrous cycles. Cortisol or vehicle (saline) was infused from 2 h before the(More)