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We identified a gene in the ovine hypothalamus encoding for RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), and tested the hypothesis that this system produces a hypophysiotropic hormone that inhibits the function of pituitary gonadotropes. The RFRP-3 gene encodes for a peptide that appears identical to human RFRP-3 homolog. Using an antiserum raised against RFRP-3,(More)
Reproductive activity in sheep is seasonal, being activated by short-day photoperiods and inhibited by long days. During the nonbreeding season, GnRH secretion is reduced by both steroid-independent and steroid-dependent (increased response to estradiol negative feedback) effects of photoperiod. Kisspeptin (also known as metastin) and(More)
Leptin can act as a satiety factor and exert neuroendocrine effects, but most studies have been performed in fasted animals. We aimed to determine the effect of chronic under-nutrition on the response to a 3-day intracerebroventricular infusion of leptin with regard to food intake and the secretion of pituitary hormones. Ovariectomised ewes (n=6) had a mean(More)
We investigated the effect of the presence and absence of lambs and suckling by lambs to attenuate activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to isolation and restraint stress in lactating sheep. In experiment 1, blood samples were collected every 10 min from nonlactating (n = 5) and lactating (n = 5) ewes for 4 h before and during stress.(More)
Whilst there have been many studies in various species examining the effects of leptin on food intake, there is a paucity of data comparing responsiveness in the two sexes. We have, therefore, addressed this issue in sheep. Because this species shows seasonal variation in voluntary food intake (VFI), we also considered the possibility that there might be(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that inhibin is a major negative feedback regulator of FSH secretion but has minimal effects on LH secretion in rams. In experiment 1, castrated rams (wethers) were given either vehicle or human recombinant inhibin A (hr-inhibin) as three s.c. or three i.v. 50-micrograms injections 6 h apart or as one 50-micrograms i.v.(More)
The means by which stress influences reproduction is not clearly understood, but may involve a number of endocrine, paracrine and neural systems. Stress impacts on the reproductive axis at the hypothalamus (to affect GnRH secretion) and the pituitary gland (to affect gonadotrophin secretion), with direct effects on the gonads being of less importance.(More)
We have studied the effect of leptin on food intake and neuroendocrine function in ovariectomized ewes. Groups (n = 5) received intracerebroventricular infusions of either vehicle or leptin (20 microg/h) for 3 days and were blood sampled over 6 h on days -1, 2, and for 3 h on day 3 relative to the onset of the infusion. The animals were then killed to(More)
GnRH provides the primary stimulus for the reproductive axis, but original work also revealed the existence of a gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) in birds. In mammals, GnIH properties are displayed by a hypothalamic dodecapeptide, which is a member of the RF-amide family, namely RF-amide-related peptide (RFRP)-3. This peptide inhibits GnRH-stimulated(More)
Recently, much attention has focused on the role of the melanocortin system in the regulation of energy homeostasis, especially the satiety effects of the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptide alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH). We have found that POMC mRNA levels are similar in fat and thin sheep and the current study sought to further(More)