Alan J. Silman

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OBJECTIVE The 1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR; formerly the American Rheumatism Association) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been criticised for their lack of sensitivity in early disease. This work was undertaken to develop new classification criteria for RA. METHODS A joint working group from the ACR and the(More)
Our aim was to determine the prevalence of radiographically defined vertebral deformity, as a marker of vertebral osteoporosis, in different regions and populations within Europe. We used a cross-sectional population-based survey. Population-based sampling frames were obtained from 36 centers in 19 European countries. Stratified random sampling was used to(More)
We have genotyped 14,436 nonsynonymous SNPs (nsSNPs) and 897 major histocompatibility complex (MHC) tag SNPs from 1,000 independent cases of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), multiple sclerosis (MS) and breast cancer (BC). Comparing these data against a common control dataset derived from 1,500 randomly selected healthy British(More)
OBJECTIVE To formulate EULAR recommendations for the management of early arthritis. METHODS In accordance with EULAR's "standardised operating procedures", the task force pursued an evidence based approach and an approach based on expert opinion. A steering group comprised of 14 rheumatologists representing 10 European countries. The group defined the(More)
This study outlines the design and validation of a new self-administered instrument for assessing foot pain and disability. The 19-item questionnaire was tested on 45 rheumatology patients, 33 patients who had attended their general practitioner with a foot-related problem and 1000 responders to a population survey of foot disorders. Levels of reported(More)
The British Society for Rheumatology (BSR) established a register of patients newly treated with biological agents, the BSR Biologics Register (BSRBR), which became active in January 2002. The goal is to register all patients in the United Kingdom with rheumatic diseases, newly starting treatment with these agents and to follow them up to determine the(More)
BMD and clinical risk factors predict hip and other osteoporotic fractures. The combination of clinical risk factors and BMD provide higher specificity and sensitivity than either alone. To develop a risk assessment tool based on clinical risk factors (CRFs) with and without BMD. Nine population-based studies were studied in which BMD and CRFs were(More)
OBJECTIVE The protein tyrosine phosphatase N22 (PTPN22) gene exhibits regulatory activities for both T cells and B cells. A missense single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within this gene (rs2476601) has recently been associated with 4 autoimmune diseases: rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune thyroid disease, and type 1(More)
Low body mass index (BMI) is a well-documented risk factor for future fracture. The aim of this study was to quantify this effect and to explore the association of BMI with fracture risk in relation to age, gender and bone mineral density (BMD) from an international perspective using worldwide data. We studied individual participant data from almost 60,000(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop evidence-based European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of Behçet disease (BD) supplemented where necessary by expert opinion. METHODS The multidisciplinary expert committee, a task force of the EULAR Standing Committee for Clinical Affairs (ESCCA), consisted of nine rheumatologists (one who was(More)