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Mental disorders account for a large proportion of the disease burden in young people in all societies. Most mental disorders begin during youth (12-24 years of age), although they are often first detected later in life. Poor mental health is strongly related to other health and development concerns in young people, notably lower educational achievements,(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the independent and differential diagnostic and symptom correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts and determine whether there are gender- and age-specific diagnostic profiles. METHOD The relationships between suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and psychiatric disorders were examined among 1,285 randomly selected children(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reduces the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) dementia (HAD), whereas the overall prevalence appears to have increased. Recent changes to diagnostic nosology have emphasized the presence of neurocognitive deficits. Uniform methods of ascertaining neuropsychological impairment and excluding(More)
A systematic review of peer-reviewed, empirical literature published between 1990 and 2006 was undertaken to determine whether existing research could provide evidence, and a deeper understanding of the relationship between dropping out of high school and the use of substances such as tobacco, alcohol, cannabis/marijuana and other illicit drugs. Forty-six(More)
15 years after its first democratic election, South Africa is in the midst of a profound health transition that is characterised by a quadruple burden of communicable, non-communicable, perinatal and maternal, and injury-related disorders. Non-communicable diseases are emerging in both rural and urban areas, most prominently in poor people living in urban(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the extent and correlates of unmet need for mental health services in community samples of children and adolescents. METHODS Data were obtained from the 1285 parent/youth pairs interviewed at four sites in the USA and Puerto Rico in the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) Study.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between physical abuse and selected psychosocial measures in a community-based probability sample of children and adolescents. METHOD A sample of 9- through 17-year-olds (N = 665) and their caretakers in New York State and Puerto Rico were interviewed in the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental(More)
BACKGROUND Sedation, seclusion or restraint are recognized methods of containing a person experiencing an acute psychotic episode with behavioural disturbance which has not responded to verbal or non-sedating pharmacological interventions. These interventions pose significant ethical and practical challenges to service providers who are responsible for(More)
AIMS Action to prevent the spread of HIV among young people in Sub-Saharan Africa is needed urgently. In order to be effective, such action should be theory and evidence based and carefully adapted to local cultures and contexts. The present article describes the organization, theoretical basis, and methodological approach of a project that aims at(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the prevalence of partner violence among adolescents, nor of the factors with which it is associated. The objectives of this study were to document prevalence rates for partner violence among high school students in Cape Town, and to explore factors that are associated with such violence. METHOD The sample consisted of 596(More)