Learn More
BACKGROUND To determine whether specific angiotensin II receptor blockade with losartan offers safety and efficacy advantages in the treatment of heart failure over angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibition with captopril, the ELITE study compared losartan with captopril in older heart-failure patients. METHODS We randomly assigned 722 ACE inhibitor(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have a continuing high mortality. Autonomic dysfunction may play an important role in the pathophysiology of cardiac death in CHF. UK-HEART examined the value of heart rate variability (HRV) measures as independent predictors of death in CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS In a prospective study powered for(More)
BACKGROUND Drugs that improve symptoms in patients with heart failure must also be assessed for their effects on survival. Ibopamine stimulates DA-1 and DA-2 receptors and causes peripheral and renal vasodilatation; the drug improves symptoms of heart failure. We assessed the effect of ibopamine on survival in patients with advanced heart failure in a(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested that the respiratory muscles are weak in patients with heart failure, but the aetiology and clinical relevance of this weakness are unclear. In order to see if respiratory muscle weakness in this context is part of a more generalised myopathic process, respiratory and limb muscle strength were compared in patients(More)
Treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors confers significant morbidity and mortality benefits in patients with heart failure, yet previous studies have repeatedly shown that these drugs are underutilised in general practice. To investigate why this is the case, we conducted an anonymous questionnaire survey of 515 general practitioners in the(More)
We compared the cardiovascular, glucose, insulin, and catecholamine responses to high-fat (F) and high-carbohydrate (C) meals in healthy young subjects (mean age 23 yr, range 19-39). Cardiac output rose 30 min after C by 32% [95% confidence interval (CI) of the increase +0.32 to +1.64 l/min] and after F by 22% [95% CI +0.30 to +1.96 l/min; P = 0.03,(More)
BACKGROUND Cheyne-Stokes respiration disrupts sleep, leading to daytime somnolence and cognitive impairment. It is also an independent marker of increased mortality in heart failure. This study evaluated the effectiveness of oxygen therapy for Cheyne-Stokes respiration in heart failure. METHODS Eleven patients with stable heart failure and Cheyne-Stokes(More)
The role of peripheral vascular tone in the development of hypotension induced by dialysis was investigated in eight patients undergoing haemodialysis with acetate or bicarbonate buffered fluid. Each patient had two sessions of dialysis with acetate fluid and two with bicarbonate fluid in the order acetate, bicarbonate, bicarbonate, acetate or bicarbonate,(More)
The proportion of patients reported to die suddenly or from progressive circulatory failure is not consistent among studies of heart failure. Lack of an adequate or consistent classification of how patients die contributes to the current confusion over the mode of death in heart failure. Defining how patients with heart failure die could be important in(More)