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OBJECTIVE This study examined the 7-year behavioral, emotional, and social outcome of speech/language-impaired and control children selected from a community sample. METHOD Speech/language and psychosocial measures were administered to the children at ages 5 and 12.5 years. Using children's age 5 speech/language test results, a cluster analysis was(More)
This study examined the 7-year psychiatric outcome of 202 speech/language (S/L) impaired and control children selected from a community sample at age 5 years. Children with S/L at age 5 years were more likely to be psychiatric cases at age 12.5 years than were normal controls, even if their S/L improved. Controlling for concurrent psychiatric disorder, S/L(More)
We have reviewed the literature from the 1950's to the present on the effects of neuroleptics on perceptual and neuropsychological function in chronic schizophrenic patients. In contrast to previous reviews, we have delineated the acute and chronic effects of neuroleptics on individual cognitive and motor tasks by drug, dose, and length of administration.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the 7-year outcome of speech/language (S/L) impaired and control children selected from a community sample at age 5 years. METHOD Two hundred fifteen children completed a variety of speech and language tests at age 12 years. Children with S/L impairment were further classified as "speech only," "language only," or "speech and(More)
Based on an initial community sample of 1,655 5-year-old children, this report utilized the risk statistic to estimate a child's risk for developing a psychiatric disturbance depending on his or her status as speech/language-impaired. Results showed that risk estimates varied as a function of gender and source of information (teacher, parent, psychiatric(More)
The familial transmission of speech and language disorders was investigated using a community sample of five year old children with speech and/or language impairment and a control group with normal language skills. The results indicated a significantly higher prevalence rate of language-related problems in families of speech and language impaired children(More)
This article examines speech and language impairment in relation to several common childhood psychiatric disorders. Similarities among disorders can be found in the associated language impairments, family histories, and certain language outcomes. The article describes prevalence surveys of speech and language disorders and the correlates of language(More)
This paper is the last in a series of four using the concept of the aggregate burden of suffering to review the major psychiatric disorders of childhood. This paper reviews the externalizing disorders of childhood to prioritize early intervention programs. The paper discusses the prevalence, course, risk and early indicators, associated impairments, and(More)
This paper is the third in a series of four using the concepts introduced in the paper Child Psychiatry and Early Intervention: I. The Aggregate Burden of Suffering. This paper reviews the developmental disorders of childhood to set priorities for early intervention programs. This review discusses the prevalence, course, risk, early indicators, associated(More)
This paper discusses the need to estimate the costs of an illness to properly allocate intervention resources for the various psychiatric disorders of childhood. Disorders that require the most community resources should be given the highest priority for early intervention programs. Factors to consider for estimating disorders which are most costly are(More)