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An activated K-ras oncogene was detected by transfection in NIH 3T3 cells and by Southern blot analysis in 6 of 12 rat skin tumors induced by ionizing radiation. The DNA from 10 of the 12 tumors also showed c-myc gene amplification and restriction polymorphisms. Evidence for tissue specificity was observed in patterns of oncogene activation, with each of(More)
Well differentiated human hepatoblastoma Hep G2 cells after transfection with cloned hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes produce replicative HBV DNA intermediates, high levels of HBsAg, HBeAg and HBcAg as well as mature Dane particles. To analyze the replication cycle of HBV, we studied the expression of HBV antigens with monoclonal antibodies by(More)
The polymorphic frequency of the gene for beta s-globin involved in the generation of sickle trait and sickle cell anemia in the human population is caused by the enhanced resistance of sickle trait individuals to Plasmodium falciparum malaria, as supported by epidemiologic and in vitro studies. However, the mechanism for the protective effect of sickle(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against epitopes in the oligosaccharide portion of the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHI) were used to characterize the LOS of this pathogen. Western blot (immunoblot) analysis with four LOS-specific MAbs and proteinase K-derived LOS preparations from 69 NTHI strains allowed the(More)
Previous studies from our laboratories have shown that transgenic mice expressing high levels of beta S globin are well-protected from Plasmodium chabaudi adami and partially protected against P berghei (Shear et al, Blood 81:222, 1993). We have now infected transgenic mice expressing low (39%), intermediate (57%), and high (75%) levels of beta S with the(More)
The microsomal enzyme inducers phenobarbital (PB), pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile (PCN), 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC), and Aroclor 1254 (PCB) are known to induce thyroxine (T(4)) glucuronidation and reduce serum T(4) concentrations in rats. Also, microsomal enzyme inducers that increase serum TSH (i.e., PB and PCN) also increase thyroid follicular cell(More)
Splenic involvement in murine schistosomiasis mansoni is manifested by splenomegaly, hyperplasia of the lymphoid and mononuclear phagocytic elements, and strong immune responses of splenic lymphocytes to schistosome antigens. In the present study, groups of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice were splenectomized or sham treated at 1, 4, and 8 weeks of the(More)
The interlesional production of immunoglobulins and SEA-specific antibodies was examined in vitro in cultured hepatic granulomas isolated from Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice. Vigorous lesions of 8-wk and immunomodulated lesions of 20-wk infected mice were cultured in serum-free medium for 48 hr; the supernatant fluid was concentrated, dialyzed, and(More)
DNAs from rat nasal and mouse skin carcinomas and fibrosarcomas induced by the alkylating agents methylmethane sulfonate (MMS), beta-propiolactone (BPL), and dimethylcarbamyl chloride (DMCC) were tested for their ability to transform NIH3T3 cells by DNA transfection. Each of eight MMS-induced rat nasal carcinomas and two of five BPL-induced mouse skin(More)
The effect of schistosome infection on the presence and maturation of splenic T lymphocytes in C3H/HeN nu/nu and nu/+ mice was examined. Spleens of uninfected nu/nu mice contained very low numbers (u to 2%) of T lymphocytes. This percentage did not increase throughout the 10 weeks of the infection. Spleens of uninfected nu/+ littermates contained 28.8% T(More)