Alan H. Morris

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200 adult respiratory distress syndrome patients were included in a prospective multicenter randomized trial to determine the efficacy of computerized decision support. The study was done in 10 medical centers across the United States. There was no significant difference in survival between the two treatment groups (mean 2 = 0.49 p = 0.49) or in ICU length(More)
Clinical decision support systems (CDS) can interpret detailed treatment protocols for ICU care providers. In open-loop systems, clinicians can decline protocol recommendations. We capture their reasons for declining as part of ongoing, iterative protocol validation and refinement processes. Even though our protocol was well-accepted by clinicians overall,(More)
Excess information in complex ICU environments exceeds human decision making limits, increasing the likelihood of clinical errors. Explicit decision-support tools have favorable effects on clinician and patient outcomes and can reduce the variation in clinical practice that persists even when guidelines based on reputable evidence are available.(More)
PURPOSE Implementation of evidence-based techniques, such as explicit computerized protocols, has achieved limited success among clinicians. In this study, we describe the development and validation of an instrument for assessing clinicians' perceptions about use of explicit computerized protocols. METHODS Qualitative assessment of semi-structured(More)
Previous studies have described the determinants of successful information technology (IT) implementation. In 2003, Kukafka et al. integrated several theoretical perspectives and proposed a framework for IT implementation. This framework is applicable to IT implementation in general but lacks the identification of factors affecting adoption, which are(More)
INTRODUCTION Both patient- and context-specific factors may explain the conflicting evidence regarding glucose control in critically ill patients. Blood glucose variability appears to correlate with mortality, but this variability may be an indicator of disease severity, rather than an independent predictor of mortality. We assessed blood glucose(More)
We describe the use of a frame-based knowledge representation to construct an adequately-explicit bedside clinical decision support application for ventilator weaning. The application consists of a data entry form, a knowledge base, an inference engine, and a patient database. The knowledge base contains database queries, a data dictionary, and decision(More)
INTRODUCTION We evaluated the feasibility of using an electronic protocol developed for research use (Research-eProtocol-insulin) for blood glucose management in usual intensive care unit clinical practice. METHODS We implemented the rules of Research-eProtocol-insulin in the electronic medical record of the Intermountain Healthcare hospital system(More)
We describe a cognitive approach to evaluating the factors that motivate clinicians to use computerized protocols. Using Value-Expectancy theories we developed an open-ended interview to assess clinicians' beliefs and experiences about the use of computerized protocols. Using a qualitative methodology, 3 reviewers independently identified key concepts(More)