Alan H. Kosaka

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A cDNA clone (designated as GP2-7) encoding a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor was isolated from a guinea pig hippocampal library. The receptor shares amino acid homology within the hydrophobic domains with other cloned 5-HT receptor subtypes (34-48%). The sequence of GP2-7 is homologous to that described for a novel receptor previously cloned from(More)
1. The rat 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)7 receptor displays two splice variations, a long form, and a truncated splice isoform, arising from the introduction of a stop codon near the carboxy-terminus. The human-5HT7 receptor gene contains at least two introns and encodes a 445 amino acid 5-HT receptor. 2. A truncated splice variation in the human 5-HT7(More)
PURPOSE It is clear from previous studies that adenosine triphosphate is released as a contractile co-transmitter with acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerves supplying the mammalian bladder but the physiological significance of ligand gated purinergic P2X receptors in human bladder innervation has not been adequately investigated. We examined the role of(More)
Affymetrix microarrays have become increasingly popular in gene-expression studies; however, limitations of the technology have not been well established for commercially available arrays. The hybridization signal has been shown to be proportional to actual transcript concentration for specialized arrays containing hundreds of distinct probe pairs per gene.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the expression of the seven known P2X receptors in human bladder from male patients with detrusor instability caused by symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction with that from control bladders, using a quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. PATIENTS AND METHODS Real-time quantitative RT-PCR(More)
We have isolated and characterized from human prostate novel splice variants of the human alpha1A-adrenoceptor, several of which generate truncated products and one isoform, alpha(1A-4), which has the identical splice site as the three previously described isoforms. Long-PCR on human genomic DNA showed that the alpha(1A-4) exon is located between those(More)
PURPOSE In adults there is evidence that adenosine triphosphate acting at P2X receptors functions as a co-transmitter at vesical smooth muscle. The contractile mechanisms of human fetal bladder have been studied to a limited extent and it remains undetermined whether P2X receptors contribute. We compared the expression of the 7 known P2X receptors in fetal(More)
Agonist occupied alpha(1)-adrenoceptors (alpha(1)-ARs) engage several signaling pathways, including phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis, calcium mobilization, arachidonic acid release, mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation, and cAMP accumulation. The natural agonist norepinephrine (NE) activates with variable affinity and intrinsic efficacy all(More)
Human dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) has been expressed in transformed Drosophila Schneider 2 (S2) cells with yields of > 16 mg/l. Most of the activity was found in the culture fluid. Similarly, human neuroblastoma cells also secrete native DBH into the medium, but at a much lower level than recombinant Drosophila cells. We have purified native and(More)
The objective of this study was to pharmacologically characterize bradykinin receptors, a component of the kallikrein-kinin system, in normal human prostate cells. In primary cultured human prostate stromal cells, bradykinin, but not [des-Arg9]bradykinin or [des-Arg10]kallidin, produced calcium mobilization or inositol phosphates accumulation with potencies(More)