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To investigate the pathophysiology of nonpharmacologically induced panic attacks, 18 drug-free agoraphobic patients and 13 matched healthy subjects underwent structured exposure to phobic situations. Heart rate, blood pressure, and plasma free 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), cortisol, growth hormone, and prolactin levels were measured before,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The physiological basis for the arrhythmias commonly observed after a stroke is not well understood. Based on evidence that the right and left cerebral hemispheres influence cardiac function in different ways, we sought to determine whether the nature and severity of cardiac arrhythmias in the context of an acute stroke vary in(More)
BACKGROUND Stopping the detrimental effects of the renin-angiotensin system at the most upstream point of the cascade offers theoretical advantages for cardiovascular protection. This study compares the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of the novel oral renin inhibitor aliskiren with placebo and an active comparator. METHODS AND RESULTS The study was(More)
This longitudinal study investigated the relationship between denial of illness and the course of recovery in patients with coronary heart disease. Using a newly developed interview instrument, the Levine Denial of Illness Scale (LDIS), the level and modes of denial were assessed in 45 male patients who were hospitalized for myocardial infarction or for(More)
Hypertensive heart disease (HHD) is a spectrum of abnormalities that represents the accumulation of a lifetime of functional and structural adaptations to increased blood pressure load. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), increasing vascular and ventricular stiffness,and diastolic dysfunction are prominent intermediate features of this syndrome that operate(More)
Since its discovery in the late 19th century, our conceptual understanding of the renin-angiotensin-aldos-terone system (RAAS) has undergone a process of continuous evolution. Renin was first described by Tigerstedt and Bergman, 1 who, in 1898, documented pressor effects of tissue extracts from rabbit kidneys. Later investigators established that the(More)
BACKGROUND The fixed-dose combination of any two antihypertensive drugs from different drug classes is typically more effective in reducing blood pressure than a dose increase of component monotherapy. We assessed the efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of a vasodilating β blocker (nebivolol) and an angiotensin II receptor blocker (valsartan) in(More)
Over the past 15 years, there has been a dramatic increase in the abuse of purified cocaine preparations throughout the industrialized world. The potential lethality of the drug is now recognized, and a growing series of case reports indicate that cardiotoxicity may be an important factor in the morbidity and mortality associated with the drug. Acute(More)
Angiotensin receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and diuretics all cause reactive rises in plasma renin concentration, but particularly high levels have been reported with aliskiren. This prompted speculation that blockade of plasma renin activity with aliskiren could be overwhelmed, leading to paradoxical increases in blood(More)
Despite the many therapeutic options available today for the treatment of hypertension, a sizable number of patients still remain resistant to treatment. The prevalence of resistant hypertension in the general population under optimal conditions is about 3-5%. Although several factors and conditions can be identified and corrected a percentage of(More)