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Kynurenic acid, a tryptophan metabolite, inhibits excitatory synaptic transmission in the rat hippocampal slice and the isolated immature rat spinal cord, but does not affect membrane potential or input resistance of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells. Kynurenic acid also antagonizes responses induced in the dentate gyrus by excitatory amino acids,(More)
A series of omega-phosphono-alpha-carboxylic acids were tested as antagonists of excitatory amino acid depolarizations and long-term potentiation (LTP) in region CA1 of rat hippocampal slices. The 5- and 7-phosphono compounds (+/- AP5 and +/- AP7) blocked N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) depolarizations and prevented the induction of LTP of the synaptic field(More)
(+)-(2S,3S)-3-(2-methoxybenzylamino)-2-phenylpiperidine (CP-99,994) binds selectively and with high affinity (Ki = 0.25 nM) to neurokinin (NK)-1 tachykinin receptors in a human cell line and in guinea pigs where it acts as an antagonist as evidenced by its blockade of substance P-induced excitation of locus coeruleus neurons in vitro. Subcutaneously(More)
A combination of current- and voltage-clamp techniques applied to hippocampal brain slices was used to evaluate the role of postsynaptic electrogenesis in the induction of associative synaptic enhancement. In accordance with Hebb's postulate for learning, repetitive postsynaptic spiking enabled enhancement in just those synapses that were eligible to change(More)
CP-122,721 [(+)-(2S,3S)-3-(2-methoxy-5-trifluoromethoxybenzyl)amino-2 -phenylpiperidine] interacts with high affinity (pIC50 = 9.8) at the human NK1 receptor expressed in IM-9 cells. In the presence of CP-122,721, there was a reduction in Bmax of [125I]BH-SP binding with no change in affinity suggesting that CP-122,721 does not interact with the NK1(More)
The acidic amino acid antagonist D,L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (DL-APB) is a potent blocker of synaptic transmission at guinea pig but not rat mossy fiber-CA3 synapses in hippocampal slices. The L-isomer of APB is responsible for the potent inhibition at the guinea pig synapse. The L-APB analogue L-serine-O-phosphate (L-SOP) also is more potent against(More)
The hypothesis that aberrant alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor activity contributes to epileptogenesis and neurodegeneration has prompted the search for AMPA receptor antagonists as potential therapeutics to treat these conditions. We describe the functional characterization of a novel quinazolin-4-one AMPA receptor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor inhibition has been hypothesized to provide neuroprotective efficacy after cerebral ischemia on the basis of the activity in experimental ischemia models of a variety of compounds with varying selectivity for AMPA over other glutamate receptor subtypes.(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) of a novel series of 3-(imidazolyl methyl)-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1.0]hexan-6-yl)methyl ethers, derived from a high throughput screening (HTS), are described. Subsequent optimization led to identification of potent, metabolically stable and orally available mGluR2 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs).