Alan Goldberg

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Developmental neurotoxicity testing (DNT) is perceived by many stakeholders to be an area in critical need of alternative methods to current animal testing protocols and guidelines. An immediate goal is to develop test methods that are capable of screening large numbers of chemicals. This document provides recommendations for developing alternative DNT(More)
This is the report of the first workshop on Incorporating In Vitro Alternative Methods for Developmental Neurotoxicity (DNT) Testing into International Hazard and Risk Assessment Strategies, held in Ispra, Italy, on 19-21 April 2005. The workshop was hosted by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) and jointly organized by(More)
Developmental neurotoxicity testing (DNT) is perceived by many stakeholders to be an area in critical need of alternatives to current animal testing protocols and guidelines. To address this need, the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Toxicology Program are(More)
In this report we present the findings from a nanotoxicology workshop held 6-7 April 2006 at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. Over 2 days, 26 scientists from government, academia, industry, and nonprofit organizations addressed two specific questions: what information is needed to understand the human health impact of(More)
Laws that mandate replacement alternatives, reduction alternatives, and refinement alternatives (the Three Rs) in scientific research have been passed in the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States, and the European Union over the past decade. Full implementation of this newly developed legislation depends upon scientists' ability to(More)
Quantitative and qualitative studies suggest that zinc is concentrated in the mossy fiber boutons of the hippocampus and is believed to exist as a chelatable cytosolic pool. These studies were aimed at testing the hypothesis that a zinc-binding protein(s) or an amino acid pool in the cytosol is responsible for the sequestration of zinc. For comparison with(More)
test Guidelines OPPtS 8706300 on DNt (US ePA, 1998) and in 2007 the Organization for economic Cooperation and Development (OeCD) endorsed a new OeCD DNt test Guideline 426 (OeCD, 2007). these guidelines are largely based on animal studies and are used as higher tiered, triggered tests based on structure activity relationships or evidence of neurotoxicity in(More)
To address the growing need for scientifically valid and humane alternatives to developmental neurotoxicity testing (DNT), we propose that basic research scientists in developmental neurobiology be brought together with mechanistic toxicologists and policy analysts to develop the science and policy for DNT alternatives that are based on evolutionarily(More)
Historically, early identification and characterization of adverse effects of industrial chemicals was difficult because conventional toxicological test methods did not meet R&D needs for rapid, relatively inexpensive methods amenable to small amounts of test material. The pharmaceutical industry now front-loads toxicity testing, using in silico, in vitro,(More)
In response to gasoline shortages, pollution problems and the rise in oil prices, it is clear that individual commuting habits may be modified. To assist planners in evaluating the impact of alternative policies, models of individual behavior in complex mode choice environments are necessary. This paper examines the use of simulation in association with(More)