Learn More
We sequenced the 29,751-base genome of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-associated coronavirus known as the Tor2 isolate. The genome sequence reveals that this coronavirus is only moderately related to other known coronaviruses, including two human coronaviruses, HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-229E. Phylogenetic analysis of the predicted viral proteins(More)
We performed an integrated genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic characterization of 373 endometrial carcinomas using array- and sequencing-based technologies. Uterine serous tumours and ∼25% of high-grade endometrioid tumours had extensive copy number alterations, few DNA methylation changes, low oestrogen receptor/progesterone receptor levels, and(More)
Recent genomic analyses of pathologically defined tumor types identify "within-a-tissue" disease subtypes. However, the extent to which genomic signatures are shared across tissues is still unclear. We performed an integrative analysis using five genome-wide platforms and one proteomic platform on 3,527 specimens from 12 cancer types, revealing a unified(More)
Adenocarcinoma of the lung is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Here we report molecular profiling of 230 resected lung adenocarcinomas using messenger RNA, microRNA and DNA sequencing integrated with copy number, methylation and proteomic analyses. High rates of somatic mutation were seen (mean 8.9 mutations per megabase). Eighteen genes were(More)
Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths, but analysis of its molecular and clinical characteristics has been complicated by histological and aetiological heterogeneity. Here we describe a comprehensive molecular evaluation of 295 primary gastric adenocarcinomas as part of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project. We propose a molecular(More)
A SAGE library was prepared from hand-dissected intestines from adult Caenorhabditis elegans, allowing the identification of >4000 intestinally-expressed genes; this gene inventory provides fundamental information for understanding intestine function, structure and development. Intestinally-expressed genes fall into two broad classes: widely-expressed(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a potent risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Since the loss of cholinergic function in Alzheimer's disease is known to occur at an early stage in the disease we have examined this function in normal subjects with an Apoepsilon4 allele to see if the deficit occurs in the absence of Alzheimer pathology or symptoms. We report that(More)
Novel findings of changes in nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons during hindlimb inflammation induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injections in the hindpaw and hindleg are reported. These include increased maximum fiber following frequency in nociceptive C- and Adelta-fiber units by 2.7 and 3 times, respectively, and increased incidence(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 gene have been shown to result in Alzheimer's disease. Presenilin 1 is a multi-transmembrane protein with a large hydrophilic loop near the C-terminus. This region is required for known functions of presenilin 1. We have constrained this loop within the active site of the bacterial protein, thioredoxin, to mimic its native(More)
TrkB is a member of the Trk family of tyrosine kinase receptors. In vivo, the extracellular region of TrkB is known to bind, with high affinity, the neurotrophin protein brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4). We describe the expression and purification of the second Ig-like domain of human TrkB (TrkBIg(2)) and show, using(More)