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BACKGROUND Surgery has become an integral part of global health care, with an estimated 234 million operations performed yearly. Surgical complications are common and often preventable. We hypothesized that a program to implement a 19-item surgical safety checklist designed to improve team communication and consistency of care would reduce complications and(More)
We aimed to establish the frequency and nature of drug administration error in anaesthesia (a significant subset of error in medicine) at two hospitals. Anaesthetists were asked to return a study form anonymouslyfor every anaesthetic, indicating whether or not a drug administration error or pre-error (defined as any incident with potential to become an(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery is an essential part of health care, but resources to ensure the availability of surgical services are often inadequate. We estimated the global distribution of operating theatres and quantified the availability of pulse oximetry, which is an essential monitoring device during surgery and a potential measure of operating theatre(More)
UNLABELLED Medication errors are an important cause of patient morbidity and mortality and excessive costs, including in anesthesia. Conventional methods of injectable drug administration in anesthesia make little use of technology to support manual checking and are idiosyncratic and relatively error prone. Similarly, conventional anesthesia records are(More)
OBJECTIVE To introduce the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist into every operating room within a severely resource-limited hospital located in a developing country and to measure its impact on surgical hazards and complications. BACKGROUND The checklist has been shown to reduce surgical morbidity and mortality, but the ability to(More)
BACKGROUND Acetaminophen is often used with a non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drug for acute pain. Hitherto, these drugs have had to be given separately, typically at different time intervals. Maxigesic tablets combine acetaminophen and ibuprofen in clinically appropriate doses to simplify administration and dosage regimen. We compared this combination with(More)
A nationwide survey (70% response) documented anaesthetists' hours of work, their perceptions about safety limits and their recollection of fatigue-related errors in clinical practice. In the preceding six months, 71% of trainees and 58% of specialists had exceeded their self-defined safety limits for continuous anaesthesia administration. For 50% of(More)
Pooling data from different pediatric studies can provide a single robust pharmacokinetic analysis that allows covariate analysis and hypothesis testing. Data sharing should be driven by the altruistic purpose of improving drug understanding to the clinical benefit of children. Electronic communications have rendered the sharing of data relatively easy, and(More)
BACKGROUND The Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is a workplace-based assessment tool of potential value in anaesthesia to assess and improve clinical performance. Its reliability and positive educational impact have been reported in other specialities, but not, to date, in anaesthesia. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possibility that anaesthetists are administering potentially pathogenic micro-organisms to their patients. DESIGN Prospective microbiological and observational study in a realistic simulated setting. PARTICIPANTS Ten anaesthetists supported by 10 anaesthetic technicians. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE The presence or absence of(More)