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BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are an abundant form of genetic variation in the genome of every species and are useful for gene mapping and association studies. Of particular interest are non-synonymous SNPs, which may alter protein function and phenotype. We therefore examined bovine expressed sequences for non-synonymous SNPs and(More)
BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the multidrug transporter MDR1 have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in different studies. However, the data are highly controversial. Recently, 6 haplotype tagging SNPs (tSNPs), representing the haplotype variations of the MDR1 gene, were identified. The aims of this study were to(More)
Purified RNA transcripts from venom glands dissected from the parasitoid wasp Microctonus hyperodae were copied, cloned and sequenced using traditional dideoxy sequencing methods. Using mass spectrometry analysis of the trypsinised PAGE gel protein bands we identified the RNA transcripts for the 3 most abundant proteins found in the venom and hence obtained(More)
Glucose metabolism is affected by various pathologic states including tumors. In this project, glucose turnover and recycling rates in 11 patients with colorectal carcinoma were measured using a double-labelled 3-3H and 1-14C glucose injection technique. Fasting blood glucose, lactate, pyruvate, alanine, glycerol, 3-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, plasma(More)
Mitochondrial metabolism is a critical component in the functioning and maintenance of cellular organs. The stoichiometry of biochemical reaction networks imposes constraints on mitochondrial function. A modeling framework, flux-balance analysis (FBA), was used to characterize the optimal flux distributions for maximal ATP production in the mitochondrion.(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal nematodes constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality in grazing ruminants. Individual animals or breeds, however, are known to differ in their resistance to infection. Gene expression profiling allows us to examine large numbers of transcripts simultaneously in order to identify those transcripts that contribute to an(More)
BACKGROUND Human Paneth cell alpha-defensins, especially DEFA5, are involved in maintaining homeostasis of the human microbial microflora. Since breakdown of normal mucosal antibacterial defence occurs in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), variants in the DEFA5 gene could be associated with IBD risk. SUBJECTS A cohort of 25 patients with indeterminate(More)
AIM To investigate the role that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter of the tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene play in the risk of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in a New Zealand population, in the context of international studies. METHODS DNA samples from 388 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), 405 ulcerative colitis(More)
Demand for palm oil has been increasing by an average of ∼8% the past decade and currently accounts for about 59% of the world's vegetable oil market. This drives the need to increase palm oil production. Nevertheless, due to the increasing need for sustainable production, it is imperative to increase productivity rather than the area cultivated. Studies on(More)
Despite growing evidence of rapid evolution in protein coding genes, the contribution of positive selection to intra- and interspecific differences in protein coding regions of the genome is unclear. We attempted to see if genes coding for secreted proteins and genes with narrow expression, specifically those preferentially expressed in the mammary gland,(More)