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OBJECTIVE Using nationally representative data, we examined biological, medical system, and sociodemographic factors that are associated with health-related quality of life as measured by a multidimensional index that accounts for a wide range of child health domains. METHODS Children aged > or = 6 years (N = 69,031) were drawn from the 2003/2004 National(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency department (ED) visits are rarely used as an outcome of prior hospitalization, but could be an indicator of poor inpatient care or follow-up planning. STUDY OBJECTIVE To examine the rate and characteristics of ED visits of patients recently discharged from any hospital. METHODS Data from the 2005 and 2006 National Hospital(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors reported use of mental health services among children in the United States between ages six and 11 who were described by their parents as having emotional or behavioral difficulties (EBDs). METHODS Using data from the 2010-2012 National Health Interview Survey, the authors estimated the national percentage of children ages six to 11(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate infection prevalence and explore associated risk factors in nursing home (NH) residents, individuals receiving home health care (HHC), and individuals receiving hospice care. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Nationally representative samples of 1,174 U.S. NHs in the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS) and 1,036 U.S. HHC and(More)
OBJECTIVES Atrial fibrillation remains a significant source of morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Whether cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) temperature influences the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation in CABG patients has not been specifically examined. In the present study, we reviewed postoperative data from patients who were(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine geographic and demographic variation for outpatient tonsillectomy in children nationally. STUDY DESIGN The 2006 National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery was analyzed to describe outpatient tonsillectomy in children. Rates by age, sex, region, urban/rural residence, and payment source were calculated with 2006 population estimates from(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine exposure to tobacco smoke products (TSPs), environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and in-home smoke among youth with asthma in the United States. METHODS Nationally representative, cross-sectional data from 2250 youth aged 4 to 19 years with current asthma in the 1988-1994, 1999-2004, and 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition(More)
BACKGROUND Ethical aspects of prevention trials, as they differ from therapeutic trials, have not been fully explored. This article aims to define and demonstrate the existence of "preventive misconception" (PM), a misunderstanding in which research participants in prevention trials make an "overestimate in probability or level of personal protection that(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine trends in preventive asthma medication (PAM) use among children with current asthma in the United States from 1988 to 2008. METHODS We performed a cross-sectional analysis of PAM use among 2499 children aged 1 to 19 years with current asthma using nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past decade, improvements in perioperative care have been widely introduced throughout the United States, yet there is no clear indication that the death rate following surgery has improved. We sought to evaluate the number of deaths after surgery in the United States over a 10-year period and to evaluate trends in postoperative(More)