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Intact ribonucleic acid (RNA) has been prepared from tissues rich in ribonuclease such as the rat pancreas by efficient homogenization in a 4 M solution of the potent protein denaturant guanidinium thiocyanate plus 0.1 M 2-mercaptoethanol to break protein disulfide bonds. The RNA was isolated free of protein by ethanol precipitation or by sedimentation(More)
The genes encoding the two structural subunits of Escherichia coli hydrogenase 2 (HYD2) have been cloned and sequenced. They occur in an operon (hyb) which contains seven open reading frames. An hyb deletion mutant (strain AP3) failed to grown on dihydrogen-fumarate medium and also produced very low levels of HYD1. All seven open reading frames are required(More)
Deletion mutants of Escherichia coli specific for hydrogenase isoenzyme 1 (HYD1) have been constructed and characterized. The hya operon, which contains genes for the two HYD1 structural subunits and four additional genes, was mapped at 22 min on the E. coli chromosome. The total hydrogenase activities of the HYD1-negative mutant and wild-type strains were(More)
Serial analysis of gene expression was used to profile transcript levels in Arabidopsis roots and assess their responses to 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) exposure. SAGE libraries representing control and TNT-exposed seedling root transcripts were constructed, and each was sequenced to a depth of roughly 32,000 tags. More than 19,000 unique tags were(More)
Three types of hydrogenases have been isolated from the sulfate-reducing bacteria of the genus Desulfovibrio. They differ in their subunit and metal compositions, physico-chemical characteristics, amino acid sequences, immunological reactivities, gene structures and their catalytic properties. Broadly, the hydrogenases can be considered as 'iron only'(More)
The enzymology of the heterodimeric (NiFe) and (NiFeSe) hydrogenases, the monomeric nickel-containing hydrogenases plus the multimeric F420-(NiFe) and NAD(+)-(NiFe) hydrogenases are summarized and discussed in terms of subunit localization of the redox-active nickel and non-heme iron clusters. It is proposed that nickel is ligated solely by amino acid(More)
Human cathepsin G is a serine proteinase with chymotrypsin-like specificity found in both polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) and the U937 leukemic cell line. Utilizing RNA from the latter, we have constructed a cDNA library in lambda gt11 and isolated a clone which apparently codes for the complete amino acid sequence of this enzyme. Analysis of the(More)
The genes coding for the large and small subunits of the periplasmic hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio baculatus have been cloned and sequenced. The genes are arranged in an operon with the small subunit gene preceding the large subunit gene. The small subunit gene codes for a 32 amino acid leader sequence supporting the periplasmic localization of the(More)