Alan D. Kaplan

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The electrocardiogram (ECG) is an emerging biometric modality that has seen about 13 years of development in peer-reviewed literature, and as such deserves a systematic review and discussion of the associated methods and findings. In this paper, we review most of the techniques that have been applied to the use of the electrocardiogram for biometric(More)
In this paper, we present the results of an analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG) as a biométrie using a novel short-time frequency method with robust feature selection. Our proposed method incorporates heartbeats from multiple days and fuses information. Single lead ECG signals from a comparatively large sample of 269 subjects that were sampled(More)
A novel approach for remotely sensing mechanical cardiovascular activity for use as a biometric marker is proposed. Laser Doppler Vibrometry (LDV) is employed to sense vibrations on the surface of the skin above the carotid artery related to arterial wall movements associated with the central blood pressure pulse. Carotid LDV signals are recorded using(More)
Understanding the variability of the cardiacrelated signals caused by physical exercise is an interesting and important problem. To our knowledge, there is no paper evaluating the biometric consistency of the cardiovascular based signals during the physical exercise, or the extent to which the signals can recover after that. A novel method of remotely(More)
The method of laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) is used to sense movements of the skin overlying the carotid artery. When pointed at the skin overlying the carotid artery, the mechanical movements of the skin disclose physiological activity relating to the blood pressure pulse over the cardiac cycle. In this paper, signal modeling is addressed, with close(More)
Biometric system is a very important recognition system which is used for individual verification and identification. Various types of biometric traits are used in today's world, in which some are used for commercial purpose and few used for verification purpose. Existing authentication techniques are suffer from different errors like mismatch image,(More)
A laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) is used to sense movements of the skin overlying the carotid artery. Fluctuations in carotid artery diameter due to variations in the underlying blood pressure are sensed at the surface of the skin. Portions of the LDV signal corresponding to single heartbeats, called the LDV pulses, are extracted. This paper introduces the(More)
It is known that when a pattern recognition system is not subject to memory constraints on pattern representations and sensory information is not compressed, the recognition rate is bounded by the mutual information between the memory and sensory representations. In this paper, we investigate the recognition rates of Laser Doppler Vibrometry (LDV) signals(More)