Alan C. Santos

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BACKGROUND Recommendations regarding the technical aspects of nerve stimulator-assisted nerve localization are conflicting. The objectives of this study were to determine whether the placement of the cutaneous electrode affects nerve stimulation and to determine the duration and intensity of an electrical stimulus that allows nerve stimulation with minimal(More)
BACKGROUND Nerve stimulation with a low-intensity electrical current has become a vital part of the performance of peripheral nerve blockade. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy and characteristics of peripheral nerve stimulators used in clinical practice in the United States. METHODS Fifteen peripheral nerve stimulators were fitted with(More)
T he optimal anesthetic technique for cesarean delivery in severely preeclamptic women remains controversial. Recent clinical practice, however, indicates that spinal anesthesia can be, and is, safely used. In the past, there has been concern that intra-vascular volume contraction related to preeclampsia could result in catastrophic hypotension that would(More)
  • Jung H Kim, Junping Chen, Henry Bennett, Jonathan B Lesser, Francesco Resta-Flarer, Anna Barczewska-Hillel +2 others
  • 2011
A low approach to the interscalene block (LISB) deposits local anesthetic farther caudad on the brachial plexus compared with the conventional interscalene block (ISB). We compared the efficacy of LISB and ISB in achieving anesthesia of the distal extremity in 254 patients having upper extremity surgery. The most frequent elicited motor response was the(More)
Lippia gracilis Schauer is an aromatic plant widely found in Northeastern Brazil. The leaf infusions or decoctions and alcoholic macerate are used for some inflammatory diseases and headache. This paper reports the isolation of naringenin by semi-preparative liquid chromatography from the methanolic extract of L. gracilis (ELg) and the evaluation of the(More)
Remirea maritima is a tropical plant with a reticulated root system belonging to the family Cyperaceae, also known to have biologically active secondary metabolites. However, very few data on R. maritima's biological actions are available and there are no reports regarding the redox-active profile of this plant. In this study, we examined the total phenolic(More)
From the aerial parts of Acmella ciliata (H.B.K.) Cassini (basionym Spilanthes ciliata Kunth; Asteraceae), three alkamides were isolated and identified by mass- and NMR spectroscopic methods as (2E,6E,8E)-N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide (spilanthol, (1)), N-(2-phenethyl)-2E-en-6,8-nonadiynamide (2) and (2E,7Z)-6,9-endoperoxy-N-isobutyl-2,7-decadienamide(More)
This study was conducted to explore the anti-inflammatory effect of Jungia sellowii (Asteraceae) using a murine model of pleurisy induced by carrageenan (Cg). This plant is used in southern Brazil to treat inflammatory diseases. J. sellowii leaves were extracted with ethanol/water to obtain the crude extract (CE), which was fractionated with different(More)