Learn More
A small community home model for severely and profoundly mentally retarded adults is defined in terms of its program orientation, program structure, and program procedures. The model is compared to institutional settings and larger community units by collection of two data sets. The small homes were found to produce beneficial client functioning and high(More)
Feeding problems occur in children who have normal development, who have failure to thrive, and who have developmental disabilities. This article focuses on the latter two groups. The characteristics and developmental concerns include family characteristics, parent-child interactions, cognitive development, and oral-motor development. The evaluation process(More)
We conducted a functional assessment of problem behaviors of 2 students with developmental disabilities in their classroom environments. Results of the assessments showed that although there were more tantrums in demand than in no-demand conditions, the function of the behavior was to gain attention (positive reinforcement) rather than to avoid or escape(More)
Stereotypic and self-injurious behaviors are common forms of maladaptive responding demonstrated by severely handicapped persons. Various review papers suggest that no single treatment procedure is universally effective. Although there may be many reasons for this finding, one could be that people engage in these behaviors for various reasons, and that(More)
Aggressive and self-injurious behaviors of four retarded children were reduced by combining various techniques with the differential reinforcement of other behaviors (DRO). In one study, aggressive responses of a severely retarded child were reduced when DRO was combined with a 30-sec timeout. In a second study, various aggressive classroom behaviors were(More)
Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is a relatively common phenomenon among severely retarded persons and involves various repetitious behaviours resulting in tissue damage. Perhaps because of the damage it does, the behaviour has generated a considerable amount of applied research and discussion, and much of this research has involved attempts to reduce SIB(More)
Data representing high, medium, and low response rates in constant and nonconstant patterns were generated by electromechanical equipment to determine whether the same data collected by time-sampling, interval recording, and frequency recording would be represented similarly by each method. Results indicated: (1) that time-sampling provided an extremely(More)
Recently, much interest has centered on the transfer of mentally handicapped people from institutions to other settings. Most studies in this area have focused indirectly on the behavior of the mentally retarded client, usually measured intermittently by global assessments such as the American Association On Mental Deficiency's Adaptive Behavior Scale. In(More)
This study explored the effectiveness and classroom applicability of a combination of DRO and momentary restraint procedures to reduce the stereotypic responding of four severely or profoundly mentally retarded, multihandicapped students aged 6-16 years. Modifications were made in the application of both of the procedures in order for them to be usable by(More)
The effects of activities and task demands on the rate of stereotypic and adaptive behaviour were analysed within the conceptual framework of setting events. Data on 12 mentally retarded subjects were collected in real time using portable microcomputers during six activities: leisure, pre-vocational training, gym, academic instruction, home living, and(More)