Alan C. Dalkin

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Reproductive function in mammals is regulated by the pituitary gonadotropins luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). LH and FSH are secreted by the gonadotrope cell and act on the gonad in a sequential and synergistic manner to initiate sexual maturation and maintain cyclic reproductive function. The synthesis and secretion of LH(More)
The data reviewed present evidence that the pattern of GnRH secretion is an important factor in the regulation of gonadotropin subunit gene expression, gonadotropin synthesis, and secretion. The information on regulation of mRNA expression by GnRH pulses should be considered with some caution, as the experiments were performed in male rats and may not(More)
Prostate epithelial cell growth is under the control of both steroid and peptide factors. Human prostate cancer cell lines have been used to investigate similar agents in malignancy. Activins are dimeric peptides structurally related to transforming growth factor-beta and produced in the gonads and a wide array of extragonadal tissues. The activins act at(More)
Gonadectomy results in a rise in gonadotropin secretion and subunit gene expression, although the relative contributions of declining gonadal hormones or increasing hypothalamic GnRH secretion are uncertain. To further delineate the roles of the hypothalamus and gonads in regulation of gonadotropin gene expression, male and female rats were castrated and(More)
We examined the time course of action of GnRH pulse frequency on gonadotropin subunit gene transcription and assessed the roles of GnRH, follistatin (FS), and activin on differential transcription of the LHbeta and FSHbeta genes. GnRH-deficient male rats were pulsed with 25 ng GnRH either every 30 min (fast frequency) or every 240 min (slow frequency) for(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if the changes in gonadotropin subunit gene expression following ovariectomy reflect transcriptional and/or posttranscriptional regulation by GnRH or inhibin. Subunit transcription rates were determined by recently developed quantitative RT-PCR for subunit primary transcripts (as an indicator of gene transcription),(More)
Gestational primary hyperparathyroidism (GPHPT) is a rare condition with fewer than 200 cases reported. We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who presented at 10 weeks' gestation with severe hypercalcemia. Laboratory investigation was consistent with primary hyperparathyroidism. Neck ultrasound did not reveal any parathyroid enlargement. Due to the(More)
Hypercalcemia complicates the course of 10%-30% of all patients with malignancies and can be a sign of very poor prognosis and advanced malignancy. Prompt recognition of the nonspecific signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia and institution of therapy can be lifesaving, affording the opportunity to address the underlying etiology. The mechanisms of(More)
There is accumulating evidence to suggest that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) may be an important modulator ofgonadotrope function. One of the actions of PACAP identified previously is to decrease FSHbeta messenger RNA (mRNA) levels. In the present series of experiments we demonstrate that PACAP-induced suppression of FSHbeta(More)