Learn More
Abstract Rationale. Research on the effects of nicotine abstinence and nicotine replacement has not provided consistent information about the impact of replacement therapies on tobacco withdrawal and craving. Objective. This study investigated craving and withdrawal symptoms over a 72-h period of abstinence from cigarettes. Methods. Twenty-four healthy(More)
The role of the blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barriers in the distribution of anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drugs is integral to the design of effective treatment regimens for HIV infection within the brain. Abacavir (formerly 1592U89) is a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor, which has activity against HIV. The(More)
While H2(15)O positron emission tomography (PET) is still the gold standard in the quantitative assessment of cerebral perfusion (rCBF), its technical challenge, limited availability, and radiation exposure are disadvantages of the method. Recent work demonstrated the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) for quantitative cerebral perfusion imaging. There(More)
Clinical study results for neurokinin (NK) receptor antagonists in the treatment of depression have been mixed, with Phase III studies failing to fulfill the early promise demonstrated in Phase II studies. Casopitant, a selective NK1 antagonist that achieves nearly complete receptor occupancy was studied in 2 randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind,(More)
Lamivudine (3TC), the negative enantiomer of 2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine, is a dideoxynucleoside analogue used in combination with other agents in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and as monotherapy in the treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Lamivudine undergoes anabolic phosphorylation by intracellular kinases(More)
Fluticasone propionate (FP) is a new corticosteroid that has been developed for the treatment of asthma. The compound has a very high receptor affinity, 18 times that of dexamethasone. After inhalation, FP is systemically available because of inhaled bioavailability. In healthy subjects this may lead to measurable systemic effects, such as cortisol(More)
1. Fluticasone propionate (FP) is a potent glucocorticoid used in the treatment of asthma. Prior to reporting the pharmacokinetics following the inhaled and oral routes, the pharmacokinetics need to be established following intravenous dosing. The present study determines the intravenous pharmacokinetics of FP, using non-compartmental analysis, in healthy(More)
AIMS To investigate whether saliva is a useful alternative to plasma for routine monitoring of nicotine and evaluate the predictive performances of saliva and plasma concentration on craving estimated by a Tiffany Questionnaire on Smoking Urge-Brief Form. METHODS Thirteen healthy smokers were enrolled in a randomized, two period, crossover trial. Linear(More)
Acyclovir, a new antiviral drug for human use, could not be solvent extracted and was retained poorly by reversed-phase (RP) columns. Drug in urine and plasma (deproteinised) could be chromatographed successfully as an ion-pair (with heptanesulphonic acid) on RP-18 columns. The validated method had the required sensitivity for a wide variety of clinical(More)
Allometric scaling is an empirical examination of the relationships between the pharmacokinetic parameters and size (usually body weight), but it can also involve brain weight for metabolized drug. Through all species, the protein binding of sumatriptan is similar (14-16%). and its metabolic pathway undergoes extensive oxidative deamination involving the(More)