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The paper presents exact schedulability analyses for real-time systems scheduled at run-time with a static priority pre-emptive dispatcher. The tasks to be scheduled are allowed to experience internal blocking (from other tasks with which they share resources) and (with certain restrictions) release jitter — such as waiting for a message to arrive. The(More)
Controller Area Network (CAN) is used extensively in automotive applications, with in excess of 400 million CAN enabled microcontrollers manufactured each year. In 1994 schedulability analysis was developed for CAN, showing how worst-case response times of CAN messages could be calculated and hence guarantees provided that message response times would not(More)
This survey covers hard real-time scheduling algorithms and schedulability analysis techniques for homogeneous multiprocessor systems. It reviews the key results in this field from its origins in the late 1960s to the latest research published in late 2009. The survey outlines fundamental results about multiprocessor real-time scheduling that hold(More)
This paper focuses on the hierarchical scheduling of systems where a number of separate applications reside on a single processor. It addresses the particular case where fixed priority pre-emptive scheduling is used at both global and local levels, with a server associated with each application. Using response time analysis, an exact schedulability test is(More)
From its roots in job-shop scheduling, research into fixed priority pre-emptive scheduling theory has progressed from the artificial constraints and simplistic assumptions used in early work to a sufficient level of maturity that it is being increasingly used in the implementation of real-time systems. It is therefore appropriate that within this special(More)
As the real-time computing industry moves away from static cyclic executive-based scheduling towards more flexible process-based scheduling, so it is important for current scheduling analysis techniques to advance and to address more realistic application areas. This paper extends the current analysis associated with static priority pre-emptive based(More)
Most structured design methods claim to address the needs of hard real-time systems. However, few contain abstractions which directly relate to common hard real-time activities, such as periodic or sporadic processes. Furthermore, the methods do not constrain the designer to produce systems which can be analyzed for their timing properties. In this article(More)
Many safety-critical embedded systems are subject to certification requirements. However, only a subset of the functionality of the system may be safety-critical and hence subject to certification; the rest of the functionality is non safetycritical and does not need to be certified, or is certified to a lower level. The resulting mixed criticality system(More)