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Ginseng root is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine for its alleged tonic effect and possible curative and restorative properties. There are increasing evidences in the literature on the potential role of ginseng in treating cardiovascular diseases. We herein examine the history of ginseng usage and review the current literature on a myriad(More)
The pulsatile nature of blood flow is a key stimulus for the modulation of vascular cell differentiation. Within the vascular media, physiologic stress is manifested as cyclic strain, while in the lumen, cells are subjected to shear stress. These two respective biomechanical forces influence the phenotype and degree of differentiation or proliferation of(More)
The heme-containing enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) is both present and active in inflammatory conditions. This enzyme is potentiated by its formation of multiple inflammatory mediators. The two most common mediators are the modified tyrosines: nitrotyrosine and 3-chlorotyrosine. Along with other modified tyrosines, these molecules have been found to be(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), when compared with conventional open surgical repair, has been shown to reduce perioperative morbidity and mortality. We performed a retrospective cohort study with prospectively collected data from the Department of Veterans Affairs to examine outcomes after elective aneurysm repair. STUDY(More)
Retroperitoneal hematoma (RPH) following cardiac catheterization is an infrequent (0.15% incidence) but morbid complication. During a 13-month study period, 11 patients with a significant RPH requiring operative intervention were identified. The mean transfusion requirement was 8.7 units, with two deaths as a consequence of their RPH. Adjunctive cardiac(More)
Infectious complications account for 80 per cent of the deaths resulting from acute pancreatitis. Future progress in the mortality of severe acute pancreatitis requires that we turn our attention toward the management of secondary pancreatic infections--abscess, infected pseudocyst and IPN. Review of 1,100 reported instances of secondary pancreatic(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular therapy for symptomatic atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is common but is associated with a significant restenosis rate. This study evaluates the outcomes of percutaneous endoluminal therapy for symptomatic restenosis (>50% on angiography) after renal intervention. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of(More)
The Society for Vascular Surgery pursued development of clinical practice guidelines for the management of the left subclavian artery with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). In formulating clinical practice guidelines, the society selected a panel of experts and conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. They used the(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous intervention for symptomatic renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) has replaced surgical therapy as first-line treatment. This study evaluates the factors that impact long-term anatomic and functional outcomes of endovascular therapy for symptomatic renal artery FMD. METHODS Records of patients who underwent renal artery(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with atherosclerosis and thrombosis. However, it is unclear whether CRP has direct effects on the antithrombogenic properties of endothelial cells. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of CRP on the expression of thrombomodulin (TM) and the endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) in(More)