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A bidomain reaction-diffusion model of the human heart was developed, and potentials resulting from normal depolarization and repolarization were compared with results from a compatible monodomain model. Comparisons were made for an empty isolated heart and for a heart with fluid-filled ventricles. Both sinus rhythm and ectopic activation were simulated.(More)
A comparison between traditional numerical integration methods and a new hybrid integration method for the reconstruction of action potential activity is presented, using a mathematical model of the cardiac Purkinje fiber (MNT model). It is shown that the hybrid integration method reduces importantly the overall computation time required for solving the(More)
blockade modifies neurally induced atrial arrhythmias. objective was to determine whether neuronally induced atrial arrhyth-mias can be modified by ␣-adrenergic receptor blockade. In 30 anesthetized dogs, trains of five electrical stimuli (1 mA; 1 ms) were delivered immediately after the P wave of the ECG to mediastinal nerves associated with the superior(More)
Montréal. Il a pour mission la promotion et la valorisation de la recherche. Érudit offre des services d'édition numérique de documents scientifiques depuis 1998. Note : les règles d'écriture des références bibliographiques peuvent varier selon les différents domaines du savoir. Ce document est protégé par la loi sur le droit d'auteur. L'utilisation des(More)
Excitation and impulse propagation in cardiac tissues are dependent on the heart rate and can occur in extremely complex patterns. In this chapter we present the results of Purkinje fiber experiments and of computer simulations using an ionic (Beeler & Reuter) model for the ventricular cell. We have studied the global rate-dependent behavior of cardiac(More)
The boundary-element method (BEM) is widely used for electrocardiogram (ECG) simulation. Its major disadvantage is its perceived inability to deal with the anisotropic electric conductivity of the myocardial interstitium, which led researchers to represent only intracellular anisotropy or neglect anisotropy altogether. We computed ECGs with a BEM model(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial ischemia causes ST segment elevation or depression in electrocardiograms and epicardial leads. ST depression in epicardium overlying the ischemic zone indicates that the ischemia is nontransmural. However, nontransmural ischemia does not always cause ST depression. Especially in animal models, ST depression is hard to reproduce. (More)
The phase-resetting and entrainment properties of single pacemaker cells were studied using computer simulations in a model of the rabbit sinus nodal cell, as well as using the whole-cell patch-clamp (current-clamp) technique in isolated rabbit sinus nodal cells. Spontaneous electrical activity in the cell model was reconstructed using Hodgkin-Huxley-type(More)
Recent studies in isolated cardiac tissue preparations have demonstrated the applicability of a one-dimensional difference equation model describing the global behavior of a driven nonpacemaker cell to the understanding of rate-dependent cardiac excitation. As a first approximation to providing an ionic basis to complex excitation patterns in cardiac cells,(More)
Local unipolar electrograms (UEGs) permit assessment of local activation and repolarization times at multiple sites simultaneously. However, UEG-based indexes of local repolarization are still debated, in particular for positive T waves. Previous experimental and computer modeling studies have not been able to terminate the debate. In this study we validate(More)