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A bidomain reaction-diffusion model of the human heart was developed, and potentials resulting from normal depolarization and repolarization were compared with results from a compatible monodomain model. Comparisons were made for an empty isolated heart and for a heart with fluid-filled ventricles. Both sinus rhythm and ectopic activation were simulated.(More)
BACKGROUND The Brugada sign has been associated with mutations in SCN5A and with right ventricular structural abnormalities. Their role in the Brugada sign and the associated ventricular arrhythmias is unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to delineate the role of structural abnormalities and sodium channel dysfunction in the Brugada sign. (More)
INTRODUCTION Postinfarction monomorphic ventricular tachycardias induced by programmed stimulation may display initial cycle length (CL) variations before stabilizing. METHODS AND RESULTS To show that tachycardia onset dynamics depend on rate-dependent electrical properties of the reentrant substrate, we extracted activation times and maximum negative(More)
A comparison between traditional numerical integration methods and a new hybrid integration method for the reconstruction of action potential activity is presented, using a mathematical model of the cardiac Purkinje fiber (MNT model). It is shown that the hybrid integration method reduces importantly the overall computation time required for solving the(More)
The main objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of expressing the activation and repolarization processes of a realistic ionic model of the myocyte membrane in terms of simplified dynamic equivalents. The modified Beeler-Reuter model (MBR) of the ventricular membrane was selected for this purpose because its action potential upstroke,(More)
A two-dimensional sheet model was used to study the dynamics of reentry around a zone of functional block. The sheet is a set of parallel, continuous, and uniform cables, transversely interconnected by a brick-wall arrangement of fixed resistors. In accord with experimental observations on cardiac tissue, longitudinal propagation is continuous, whereas(More)
Excitation and impulse propagation in cardiac tissues are dependent on the heart rate and can occur in extremely complex patterns. In this chapter we present the results of Purkinje fiber experiments and of computer simulations using an ionic (Beeler & Reuter) model for the ventricular cell. We have studied the global rate-dependent behavior of cardiac(More)
This paper discusses the dynamics of the circus movement around a one-dimensional continuous and uniform loop of model cardiac cells. The membrane ionic currents are represented by a modified Beeler–Reuter formulation. The description of the quasiperiodic regimes initiated in a previous paper is completed and their equivalence with those predicted by an(More)
blockade modifies neurally induced atrial arrhythmias. objective was to determine whether neuronally induced atrial arrhyth-mias can be modified by ␣-adrenergic receptor blockade. In 30 anesthetized dogs, trains of five electrical stimuli (1 mA; 1 ms) were delivered immediately after the P wave of the ECG to mediastinal nerves associated with the superior(More)
  The aims of the study were to determine how aggregates of intrinsic cardiac (IC) neurons transduce the cardiovascular milieu versus responding to changes in central neuronal drive and to determine IC network interactions subsequent to induced neural imbalances in the genesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Activity from multiple IC neurons in the right(More)