Alain Vey

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Destruxins (DTXs) are cyclic peptide toxins secreted by the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae. The effects of DTX E, the most active compound of this family on haemocytes, the immunocompetent insect cells, and on the dynamics and efficacy of the multicellular defense of insect hosts have been investigated. Ultrastructural(More)
The influence of the destruxin E, cyclodepsipeptidic mycotoxin produced by the filamentous entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, on calcium fluxes and protein phosphorylation of in vitro cultivated lepidopteran cell lines have been studied. The use of the fluorescent calcium indicator Fura 2 AM did not show a fast increase in the level of(More)
A toxic protein, bassiacridin, was purified from a strain of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana isolated from a locust, using chromatographic methods. The final toxic fraction contained between 0.1 and 0.3% of the proteins of the crude extract. Bassiacridin showed no affinity for ion exchangers, was characterised as a monomer with a mol. wt of(More)
The activities of three mycotoxins isolated from the hyphomycete Metarhizium anisopliae: destruxin A, B, and E (DA, DB and DE) are described and compared in vitro on leukemic cells. Their antitumor effect was investigated by flow cytometry on growth, cell viability and cell cycle perturbation 48 h after destruxin exposure. Against P388 leukemic cells, DE(More)
A toxic protein, hirsutellin A, has been purified from the mite fungal pathogen, Hirsutella thompsonii, using ammonium sulphate precipitation, ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-10. The protein has been characterized as a monomer with a molecular mass of 15 kDa and an isoelectric point of 10.5. The amino acid composition and the(More)
Metabolic products secreted by the fungal mycelia of Hirsutella thompsonii var. thompsonii (CBS 556.77D) in a defined culture broth in shake culture were tested for toxicity to Galleria mellonella larvae and Drosophila melanogaster adults via injection and per os application, respectively. In addition, the toxic effect of broth filtrate was observed in(More)
The present work describes sequence and transcription of three Spodoptera frugiperda genes encoding 6-cysteine-rich peptides. Sequence alignments indicate that the predicted peptides belong to the insect defensin family, although phylogenetic analyses suggest they form a cluster distinct from that of other neopteran insect defensins. The three genes were(More)
Eleven strains of Beauveria bassiana, and a further five species of Beauveria sp., were tested by injection of 8x10(2) conidia into the haemocoel of the larvae of the lepidopteran Galleria mellonella with the aim of analysing their toxin producing activity in vivo. Although the virulent strains killed 100% of the insects at slightly different rates (4-6(More)
A marked difference in the cellular response of Spodoptera exigua was observed when larvae were challenged with the insect mycopathogen Beauveria bassiana versus the yeast Candida albicans. Both fungi were rapidly phagocytized by circulating hemocytes. The relative growth rate of C. albicans as measured by daughter cell formation was partially suppressed,(More)