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The aim of this study was to assess the frequency-position function resulting from electric stimulation of electrodes in cochlear implant subjects with significant residual hearing in their nonimplanted ear. Six cochlear implant users compared the pitch of the auditory sensation produced by stimulation of an intracochlear electrode to the pitch of acoustic(More)
OBJECTIVES Efforts are being made toward the development of a vestibular implant. If such a device is to mimic the physiology of the vestibular system, it must first be capable of restoring a baseline or "rest" activity in the vestibular pathways and then modulating it according to the direction and velocity of head movements. The aim of this study was to(More)
To investigate the activation of the auditory cortex by fMRI, three deaf subjects users of the Ineraid cochlear implant participated in our study. Possible interference between fMRI acquisition and the implanted electrodes was controlled and safe experimental conditions were obtained. For each subject, electrical stimuli were applied on different(More)
Using long Med-El Combi40+ electrode arrays, it is now possible to cover the whole range of the cochlea, up to about two turns. Such insertion depths have received little attention. To evaluate the contribution of deeply inserted electrodes, five Med-El cochlear implant users were tested on vowel and consonant identification tests with fittings with first(More)
CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrates that the exact location of an electrode inside the cochlea needs to be assessed using two complementary measures, namely the length and angle of insertion, both of which are mandatory if one wants to prevent erroneous outcomes. Knowledge of the contact position may become very useful when tuning a cochlear implant(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently, we demonstrated that it was possible to elicit vertical eye movements in response to electrical stimulation of the posterior ampullary nerve. In order to develop a vestibular implant, a second site of stimulation is required to encode the horizontal movements. METHODS Three patients with disabling Meniere's disease were included in(More)
Channel interactions were assessed using high-rate stimulation in cochlear implant subjects using the Ineraid electrode array. Stimulation currents were applied on one intracochlear electrode and their effects on psychophysical detection thresholds on an adjacent electrode were measured. Stimuli were trains of brief, biphasic, 50-micros/phase pulses(More)
CONCLUSION The test is simple and sensitive enough to separate normal subjects from patients suffering from a vestibular loss. There was also a good correlation between the objective results and the subjective complaint of oscillopsia. OBJECTIVES Oscillopsia (i.e. blurred vision while walking) is often reported by patients suffering from vestibular loss.(More)
Electrical stimulation of the ear of deaf patients via cochlear implants offers a unique occasion to study activity of central auditory pathways with fMRI, without bias due to scanner noise. Such measurements, however, require one to control the possible interference between fMRI acquisition and the implanted electrodes. A series of measurements on a(More)
The concept of a vestibular implant to restore balance in patients suffering from bilateral loss of function is similar to that of a cochlear implant. Motion sensors will capture head movements and this information will be transmitted to the central nervous system via electrodes implanted in the vestibular system. However, several key questions must be(More)