Alain Rudiger

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OBJECTIVES To review mechanisms underlying sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction in general and intrinsic myocardial depression in particular. DATA SOURCE MEDLINE database. DATA SYNTHESIS Myocardial depression is a well-recognized manifestation of organ dysfunction in sepsis. Due to the lack of a generally accepted definition and the absence of large(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and monomethyl arginine (L-NMMA) are endogenously produced amino acids that inhibit all three isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). ADMA accumulates in various disease states, including renal failure, diabetes and pulmonary hypertension, and its concentration in plasma is strongly predictive of premature cardiovascular(More)
INTRODUCTION Lactic acidosis can develop during biguanide (metformin and phenformin) intoxication, possibly as a consequence of mitochondrial dysfunction. To verify this hypothesis, we investigated whether body oxygen consumption (VO2), that primarily depends on mitochondrial respiration, is depressed in patients with biguanide intoxication. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic dysfunction and jaundice are traditionally viewed as late features of sepsis and portend poor outcomes. We hypothesized that changes in liver function occur early in the onset of sepsis, yet pass undetected by standard laboratory tests. METHODS AND FINDINGS In a long-term rat model of faecal peritonitis, biotransformation and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the hypothesis that beta-1 adrenoreceptor blockade may be protective through the attenuation of sympathetic hyperactivity and catecholaminergic inflammatory effects on cardiac and hepatic function. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING Animal laboratory in a university medical center. SUBJECTS Male adult Wistar(More)
AIMS Acute heart failure (HF) is a common but ill-defined clinical entity. We describe patients hospitalised with acute HF in regard of clinical presentation, mortality, and risk factors for an unfavourable outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a prospective study including 312 consecutive patients from two European centers hospitalised with acute HF,(More)
In cardiac surgery, postoperative low cardiac output has been shown to correlate with increased rates of organ failure and mortality. Catecholamines have been the standard therapy for many years, although they carry substantial risk for adverse cardiac and systemic effects, and have been reported to be associated with increased mortality. On the other hand,(More)
Sepsis affects both macro- and micro-circulatory transport of oxygen to tissues, causing regional hypoxia. However, this relationship is poorly characterized with respect to inter-organ variability, disease severity and the evolution to organ dysfunction. We hypothesized that an early circulatory insult precedes the development of organ dysfunction, and is(More)
Myocardial function is depressed in sepsis and is an important prognosticator in the human condition. Using echocardiography in a long-term fluid-resuscitated Wistar rat model of faecal peritonitis we investigated whether depressed myocardial function could be detected at an early stage of sepsis and, if so, whether the degree of depression could predict(More)
Acute right ventricular (RV) failure is a complex clinical syndrome that results from many causes. Research efforts have disproportionately focused on the failing left ventricle, but recently the need has been recognized to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of RV anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology, and of management approaches. Right(More)