Alain Rolachon

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The aim of this prospective double-blind study was to evaluate the value of long-term antibiotic prophylaxis using ciprofloxacin for the prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in 60 cirrhotic patients with low ascitic fluid protein levels (< 15 g/L). The patients were assigned to two groups: group I (n = 28) ciprofloxacin 750 mg per os once a(More)
PURPOSE Chronic radiation proctitis, a well described complication of pelvic radiation therapy, can result in severe bleeding that is refractory to conventional treatment. Argon plasma coagulation is an effective treatment for hemorrhagic lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of argon plasma(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), a positive stranded RNA virus, is the main causative agent of post-transfusion and sporadic non-A non-B hepatitis worldwide. Paired samples of plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 11 patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with alpha-interferon (IFN) were tested, using a single step polymerase chain reaction(More)
Loss of heterozygosity for polymorphic markers flanking the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) gene in parathyroid and pancreatic islet tumours from subjects with MEN-1 has been well documented and has led to the hypothesis that the MEN-1 gene functions as a recessive tumour suppressor gene. We report a case of MEN-1 with duodeno-pancreatic(More)
Detection of hepatitis C virus RNA by polymerase chain reaction was performed in 26 patients with type II mixed cryoglobulinemia, and compared with anti-HCV antibody detection. The patients were divided into two groups according to etiology: 15 had essential type II mixed cryoglobulinemia and 11 had secondary type II mixed cryoglobulinemia. In the essential(More)
In this prospective study 244 consecutive patients presenting with typical and chronic signs of gastroesophageal reflux were included. Conventional 24-hr esophageal pH monitoring was carried out to establish the symptom association probability, the concordance index, and the symptom sensitivity index. The symptom association probability could be calculated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Argon beam coagulation is an innovative no-touch electrocoagulation technique in which high-frequency monopolar alternating current is delivered to the tissue through ionized argon gas. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of argon plasma coagulation (APC) for the treatment of hemorrhagic digestive(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate oesophageal sensitivity to balloon distension in patients with non-obstructive dysphagia (NOD), and to determine its relationship with the motility pattern in response to food ingestion. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-one healthy volunteers and 19 consecutive patients complaining of NOD with normal standard manometry were included. An(More)
Schistosoma mansoni infection is frequent in certain areas of the world in which it is endemic. It is characterised by colonic and hepatic lesions. Gastrointestinal hemorrhages due to rupture of esophageal varices in case of hepatic involvement or moderate rectal bleeding due to colonic involvement may also be observed. We report a case of colonic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate clinical, biological and endoscopic predictive factors of early recurrent bleeding from gastric or duodenal ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy six patients (26 females and 50 males) with a mean age of 65.9 years (SD = 17.2) were included in a prospective study. Among the 76 patients, there were 39 NSAIDs users (51.3%). An endoscopy(More)